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Table 1 Epidemiologic characteristics and association with positive serology

From: Schistosoma and Strongyloides screening in migrants initiating HIV Care in Canada: a cross sectional study

Characteristic Number (%) Positive Schistosoma serology Positive Strongyloides serology
Number (%) OR (95% CI) p-value Number (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Female 88 (34.78) 17 (19.32) 1.00 (referent)   4 (4.54) 1.10 (.23–4.48) 1.00#
 Male 164 (64.82) 30 (18.29) .96 (.49–1.85) .890 7 (4.27) .91 (.22–4.36) 1.00#
Age
  < 30 40 (15.81) 5 (12.50) 0.97 (.31–2.98) 0.961 0 (0.00)
 30- < 40 94 (37.15) 12 (12.77) 1.00 (referent) 7 (7.45) 3.08 (.76–14.76) 0.13#
 40- < 50 80 (31.62) 21 (26.25) 2.50 (1.13–5.50) 0.023 1 (1.25) .21 (.0048–1.52) 0.18#
  > 50 39 (15.42) 9 (23.08) 2.31 (.87–6.12) 0.092 3 (7.69) 2.17 (.35–9.60) 0.45#
Diagnosis HIV
 New 77 (30.56) 11 (14.29) .61 (.39–1.27) 0.185 1 (1.30) .22 (.0049–1.58) 0.20#
 Established 175 (69.44) 36 (20.57) 1.00 (referent) 10 (5.71) 4.61 (.64–203.55) 0.20#
ART treatment
 Active ART 134 (52.96) 20 (14.93) 1.00 (referent)   6 (4.48) 1.00 (referent)
 No current ART 119 (47.04) 27 (22.69) 1.55 (.82–2.95) 0.183 5 (4.20) 0.92 (.27–3.10) 0.900
Immigration status
 Citizen 69 (28.75) 11 (15.94) 0.74 (0.32–1.64) 0.56# 1 (1.45) .30 (.0067–2.28) 0.416#
 Permanent Resident 134 (55.83) 30 (22.39) 1.70 (0.82–3.66) 0.169# 6 (4.48) 1.63 (0.34–10.29) 0.743#
 Temporary resident 37 (15.42) 4 (10.81) 0.52 (0.13–1.62) 0.354# 2 (5.41) 1.60 (0.156–8.902) 0.831#
Refugee status*
 Non refugee 206 (81.42) 30 (14.56) 1.00 (referent) 8 (3.89) 0.59 (0.13–3.59) 0.66#
 Refugee 47 (18.58) 17 (36.17) 3.55 (1.72–7.33) 0.001 3 (6.38) 1.70 (0.28–7.45) 0.66#
Region of origin
 Africa 145 (57.54) 40 (27.59%) 6.15 (2.44–18.60) 0.000# 9 (6.21) 3.50 (0.704–34.01 0.16#
 Latin America 36 (14.29) 2 (5.56) 0.25 (.028–1.06) 0.065# 1 (2.78) 0.60 (.013–4.45 1.00#
 North America 10 (3.97) 2 (20.00) 1.03 (.103–5.41) 1.000# 0 (0.00)  
 Other 4 (1.59) 0 (0.00) 1 (25.00) 7.64 (.14–105.60) 0.33#
 Asia 57 (22.62) 2 (3.51) 0.12 (.14–.51) 0.0006# 0 (0.00)
  1. N total = 253. The number of observations are listed for each category with percentage in brackets. Positive serology refers to all non-negative serology results. #Exact logistic regression was used for analyses with cell counts less than 5. Odds ratios (ORs) are listed for each comparison with 95% confidence intervals (CI) in brackets. Bolded CIs and p-values are statistically significant. *Refugees included those that were Government assisted, privately sponsored, refugee claimants and refugees otherwise unspecified.