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Table 1 Epidemiologic characteristics and association with positive serology

From: Schistosoma and Strongyloides screening in migrants initiating HIV Care in Canada: a cross sectional study

CharacteristicNumber (%)Positive Schistosoma serologyPositive Strongyloides serology
Number (%)OR (95% CI)p-valueNumber (%)OR (95% CI)p-value
Sex
 Female88 (34.78)17 (19.32)1.00 (referent) 4 (4.54)1.10 (.23–4.48)1.00#
 Male164 (64.82)30 (18.29).96 (.49–1.85).8907 (4.27).91 (.22–4.36)1.00#
Age
  < 3040 (15.81)5 (12.50)0.97 (.31–2.98)0.9610 (0.00)
 30- < 4094 (37.15)12 (12.77)1.00 (referent)7 (7.45)3.08 (.76–14.76)0.13#
 40- < 5080 (31.62)21 (26.25)2.50 (1.13–5.50)0.0231 (1.25).21 (.0048–1.52)0.18#
  > 5039 (15.42)9 (23.08)2.31 (.87–6.12)0.0923 (7.69)2.17 (.35–9.60)0.45#
Diagnosis HIV
 New77 (30.56)11 (14.29).61 (.39–1.27)0.1851 (1.30).22 (.0049–1.58)0.20#
 Established175 (69.44)36 (20.57)1.00 (referent)10 (5.71)4.61 (.64–203.55)0.20#
ART treatment
 Active ART134 (52.96)20 (14.93)1.00 (referent) 6 (4.48)1.00 (referent)
 No current ART119 (47.04)27 (22.69)1.55 (.82–2.95)0.1835 (4.20)0.92 (.27–3.10)0.900
Immigration status
 Citizen69 (28.75)11 (15.94)0.74 (0.32–1.64)0.56#1 (1.45).30 (.0067–2.28)0.416#
 Permanent Resident134 (55.83)30 (22.39)1.70 (0.82–3.66)0.169#6 (4.48)1.63 (0.34–10.29)0.743#
 Temporary resident37 (15.42)4 (10.81)0.52 (0.13–1.62)0.354#2 (5.41)1.60 (0.156–8.902)0.831#
Refugee status*
 Non refugee206 (81.42)30 (14.56)1.00 (referent)8 (3.89)0.59 (0.13–3.59)0.66#
 Refugee47 (18.58)17 (36.17)3.55 (1.72–7.33)0.0013 (6.38)1.70 (0.28–7.45)0.66#
Region of origin
 Africa145 (57.54)40 (27.59%)6.15 (2.44–18.60)0.000#9 (6.21)3.50 (0.704–34.010.16#
 Latin America36 (14.29)2 (5.56)0.25 (.028–1.06)0.065#1 (2.78)0.60 (.013–4.451.00#
 North America10 (3.97)2 (20.00)1.03 (.103–5.41)1.000#0 (0.00) 
 Other4 (1.59)0 (0.00)1 (25.00)7.64 (.14–105.60)0.33#
 Asia57 (22.62)2 (3.51)0.12 (.14–.51)0.0006#0 (0.00)
  1. N total = 253. The number of observations are listed for each category with percentage in brackets. Positive serology refers to all non-negative serology results. #Exact logistic regression was used for analyses with cell counts less than 5. Odds ratios (ORs) are listed for each comparison with 95% confidence intervals (CI) in brackets. Bolded CIs and p-values are statistically significant. *Refugees included those that were Government assisted, privately sponsored, refugee claimants and refugees otherwise unspecified.