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Table 1 General characteristics of the households/respondents surveyed. Significant p values in bold

From: Prevalence of diarrhoea and associated risk factors among children under five years old in Pader District, northern Uganda

VariablenPercentage95% CI χ2p
Sex of the child  LowerUpper  
 Male12752.048.558.31.3020.254
 Female11748.041.754.2  
Age of child (months)
 0–126928.322.934.24.2160.378
 13–249840.234.246.4  
 25–364418.013.623.2  
 37–48166.64.010.2  
 49–59177.04.310.7  
Number of under five children
 Up to one11547.140.953.40.9970.318
 Two or more12952.946.659.1  
Caretaker
 Mother21688.584.192.10.9020.342
 Others2811.57.915.9  
Age of mother/child caretaker
 6 to 1562.51.05.06.7290.035
 16 to 3015965.259.070.9  
  ≥ 317932.426.738.4  
Education level of the mother or child caretaker
 No formal education2711.17.615.50.3040.859
 Primary16668.062.073.6  
 Secondary and above5120.916.226.3  
Number of household member/family size
 Less than 511145.539.351.810.7630.005
 6 to 99438.532.644.7  
 10 to 153916.011.821.0  
Income status of the family
 Poor22592.288.395.10.5590.439
 Rich197.84.911.7  
Source of drinking water
 Borehole208.25.212.14.7240.094
 Piped water5623.018.028.5  
 Wells16868.962.874.4  
Nature of water source
 Protected14760.265.476.723.339< 0.001
 Unprotected9739.823.334.6  
Houses shared with domestic animals
 No2610.77.215.04.3490.037
 Yes21889.385.092.8  
Disposal of the youngest child’s stool
 Proper way19780.775.485.31.4110.235
 Improper way4719.314.724.6  
Latrine availability
 Yes19579.974.684.60.9300.335
 No4920.115.425.4  
Ownership of latrine
 Shared7631.125.684.60.7710.380
 Private16868.962.874.4  
Environmental cleanliness
 Clean/safe17471.365.476.70.6720.412
 Unclean/unhygienic7028.723.334.6  
Handwashing facilities near the latrine
 Yes3514.310.419.21.6400.200
 No20985.780.889.6  
Availability of separate kitchen
 Yes19278.773.283.57.3350.007
 No5221.316.526.8  
Racks for drying utensils
 Yes5823.818.829.40.3860.534
 No18676.270.681.2  
Warming of cold foods
 Yes14961.154.867.017.221< 0.001
 No9538.933.045.2  
Boiling of drinking water
 Yes145.73.39.23.4700.062
 No23094.390.896.7  
Age of child started supplementary food
 Less than 6 months2610.77.215.05.5750.062
 6–12 months20383.278.187.5  
  > 12 months/not started156.13.69.7  
Child weaning time
 On breastfeeding1094738.550.97.4200.024
 Weaning < 1 year156.13.69.7  
 Weaning > 1 year12049.242.955.4  
Handwashing practices at critical times
 Yes15262.356.168.219.616< 0.001
 No9237.731.843.9  
Immunization status of child
 Yes15563.557.469.40.3090.578
 No8936.530.642.6