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Table 3 Associated factor of S.typhi infection among febrile patients attending Adare General Hospital, from May to October 2018,(N-=381)

From: Prevalence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi infection, its associated factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among febrile patients at Adare general hospital, Hawassa, southern Ethiopia

Variables S. typhi
Number of tested (%) Number of positive (%) COR (95% CI) P-value AOR(95% CI) P-Value
Age (in years)
 15–24 136 (35.7) 1 (0.7) 1    
 25–34 114 (29.9) 3 (2.6) 3.65 (0.37,35.57) 0.250* 2.76 (0.19,39.26) 0.453
 35–44 74 (19.4) 1 (1.4) 1.85 (0.11,30.00) 0.665 1.64 (0.09,31.22) 0.744
 45 and above 57 (15.0) 1 (1.8) 2.41 (0.15,39.22) 0.536 4.93 (0.25,97.51) 0.295
Residence
 Urban 324 (85.0) 2 (0.6) 1    
 Rural 57 (15.0) 4 (7.0) 12.15 (2.17,67.99 0.004** 8.27 (1.33,51.55) 0.024*
Marital Status
 Married 223 (58.5) 2 (0.9) 1    
 Single 144 (37.8) 3 (2.1) 2.35 (0.39,14.25) 0.352 1.59 (0.15,16..69) 0.699
 Widowed & Divorced 14 (3.7) 1 (7.1) 8.50 (0.72,99.97) 0.089* 2.93 (0.17,51.19) 0.461
Hand washing practice after latrine
 Yes 249 (65.4) 1 (0.4) 1   1  
 No 132 (34.6) 5 (3.8) 9.76 (1.13,84.47) 0.038* 7.52 (0.77,73.89) 0.083
Washing of vegetables or fruits before eating
 Yes 228 (59.8) 2 (0.9) 1   1  
 No 153 (40.2) 4 (2.6) 3.03 (0.55,16.77) 0.203* 1.49 (0.23,9.87) 0.675
  1. NB: *Candidate variable for multivariate analysis at P< 0.25 **variable significant at P< 0.05 COR: crude odds ratio, AOR: adjusted odds ratio, CI: confidence interval.