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Table 2 Hygienic practice and S.typhi distribution among febrile patients visiting outpatient department of Adare General Hospital, from May 23/2018 to October 20/2018 Hawassa, Ethiopia

From: Prevalence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi infection, its associated factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among febrile patients at Adare general hospital, Hawassa, southern Ethiopia

Categories Number of tested (%) Number of positive for S.typhi (%)
Hand washing practice after latrine
 Yes 249 (65.4) 1 (0.4)
 No 132 (34.6) 5 (3.8)
Use of soap for hand washing
 Always 97 (39.0) 0 (0.0)
 Some times 100 (40.2) 0 (0.0)
 Never 52 (20.9) 1 (1.9)
Time of hand washing
 After meal 153 (40.2) 3 (2.0)
 Before and after meal 228 (59.8) 3 (1.3)
Eating meal at
 Hotel 55 (14.4) 1 (1.8)
 Home 119 (31.2) 2 (1.7)
 Home and hotel 207 (54.3) 3 (1.4)
Eating of food from street vender
 Yes 189 (49.6) 3 (1.6)
 No 192 (50.4) 3 (1.6)
Washing of vegetables or fruits before eating
 Yes 228 (59.8) 2 (0.9)
 No 153 (40.2) 4 (2.6)
Where do you get drinking water
 River 5 (1.3) 0 (0.0)
 well water 8 (2.1) 0 (0.0)
 unprotected spring water 1 (3) 0 (0.0)
 tap water 267 (96.3) 6 (2.2)
Treating drinking water
 Yes 61 (16) 0 (0.0)
 No 320 (84) 6 (1.90)
Washing of hands before preparing food
 Always 132 (34.6) 0 (0.0)
 Sometimes 183 (48.1) 6 (3.3)
 No 66 (17.3) 0 (0.0)
Recent infection with typhoid fever in the family members
 Yes 44 (11.5) 0 (0.0)
 No 337 (88.5) 6 (1.8)
Have you ever suffered from typhoid fever
 Yes 84 (22) 0 (0.0)
 No 297 (78) 6 (2)