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Table 3 Logistic regression model demonstrating the odds of Persistent COVID-19 symptoms after discharge

From: ‘Long COVID’: persistent COVID-19 symptoms in survivors managed in Lagos State, Nigeria

Variables OR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value
Age 1.01 (0.99, 1.03) 0.30 1.01 (0.99, 1.04) 0.38
Sex
 Female 1 [reference]   1 [reference]  
 Male 0.63 (0.37, 1.07) 0.09 0.64 (0.37, 1.11) 0.11
Comorbidity
 No comorbidities 1 [reference]   1 [reference]  
 1 comorbidity 0.78 (0.41, 1.50) 0.46 0.36 (0.07, 1.81) 0.22
 2 comorbidities 7.57 (0.89, 64.03) 0.06 1.73 (0.08, 35.31) 0.72
 No history of Hypertension 1 [reference]   1 [reference]  
 History of Hypertension 1.17 (0.59, 2.30) 0.65 1.89 (0.33, 10.84) 0.47
 No history of Diabetes Mellitus 1 [reference]   1 [reference]  
 History of Diabetes Mellitus 3.93 (0.78, 19.88) 0.10 3.72 (0.38, 36.63) 0.26
aInitial severity
 Mild 1 [reference]   1 [reference]  
 Moderate 2.17 (1.30, 3.64) 0.003* 2.03 (1.19, 3.47) 0.009*
 Severe 4.59 (0.86, 24.55) 0.08 3.77 (0.66, 21.35) 0.13
  1. p-value < 0.05*. OR odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, Model adjusted for age, sex, and presence of comorbid conditions. a Initial severity: Mild moderate and severe COVID-19 at time of initial diagnosis, excluding asymptomatic cases (n = 21). Multivariable logistic regression Model has p-value- < 0.009 and Pseudo R2 of 5.9%
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