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Table 3 Association between enteric carriage and child growth outcomes in a remote Indigenous community

From: Enteric pathogen infection and consequences for child growth in young Aboriginal Australian children: a cross-sectional study

  Height for age z score
Univariable Multivariablea
Pathogen infection Coeff (95% CI) P value Coeff (95% CI) P value
Bacterial infection − 1.26 (−2.90 to 0.39) 0.13 − 1.61 (−3.36 to 0.12) 0.07
Viral infection 0.07 (−1.09 to 1.25) 0.89 0.02(−1.28 to 1.32) 0.97
Parasite infection −1.022 (−2.23 to 0.24) 0.11 −1.21 (−2.51 to 0.08) 0.07
Infection with one pathogen 0.56 (−0.62 to 1.74) 0.35 0.59 (−0.64 to 1.82) 0.34
Infection with two or more pathogens −0.97 (− 2.10 to 0.26) 0.12 −1.34 (−2.61 to − 0.07) 0.04
Non-pathogen demonstrated in stool − 1.67 (− 2.93 to − 0.41) 0.01 − 1.83 (− 3.15 to − 0.50) 0.01
Blastocystis hominis detected in stool −1.79 (− 3.24 to − 0.35) 0.02 −2.05 (− 3.55 to − 0.54) 0.01
  Stunted
  Univariable Multivariable
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Bacterial infection 1.63 (0.28 to 9.41) 0.56 2.48 (0.32 to 19.36) 0.39
Viral infection 3.72 (0.95 to 14.56) 0.06 2.78 (0.60 to 12.92) 0.19
Parasite infection 1.07 (0.25 to 4.64) 0.93 1.02 (0.21 to 5.24) 0.98
Infection with one pathogen 3.17 (0.83 to 12.07) 0.09 3.16 (0.72 to 13.76) 0.13
Infection with two or more pathogens 1.36 (0.31 to 6.02) 0.68 1.11 (0.22 to 5.63) 0.90
Non-pathogen demonstrated in stool 2.34 (0.57 to 9.56) 0.23 3.92 (0.71 to 21.62) 0.12
  1. a Adjusted for wealth index, presence of dogs in house, handwashing frequency and maternal body mass index, and number of rooms in house