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Table 2 Prevalence of pathogenic versus non-pathogenic enteric carriage in young Aboriginal children residing in a remote community

From: Enteric pathogen infection and consequences for child growth in young Aboriginal Australian children: a cross-sectional study

PATHOGEN Microscopy (n = 62) PCR (n = 61)
Direct smear SAFa Ausdiagnostics Allplex
Bacteria
Salmonella N/A N/A 2 (3.3) N/A
Clostridium difficile N/A N/A 1 (1.6) N/A
Campylobacter N/A N/A 1 (1.6) N/A
Shigella N/A N/A 4 (6.6) N/A
TOTAL N/A N/A 8 (13.1) N/A
Virus
 Adenovirus /Sapovirus N/A N/A 14 (22.9) N/A
 Astrovirus N/A N/A 6 (9.8) N/A
 Norovirus N/A N/A 3 (4.9) N/A
 Rotavirus N/A N/A 3 (4.9) N/A
TOTAL N/A N/A 24 (39.3) N/A
Parasite
Protozoa
  Giardia 3 (4.8) 3 (4.8) 4 (6.6) 0 (0)
  Cryptosporidium 0(0) 1 (1.6) 5 (8.2) 0 (0)
  Dientamoeba fragilis 0(0) 4 (6.5) N/A 0 (0)
Helminths
  Trichuris trichiura 2 (3.3) 4 (6.5) N/A 3 (4.9)
  Strongyloides stercoralis 0(0) 0(0) N/A 0 (0)
  Enterobius vermicularis 0(0) 1 (1.6) N/A 5 (8.2)
Cestodes
  Rodentolepis nana 1 (1.6) 2(3.2) N/A 2 (3.3)
TOTAL 6 (9.7) 15 (24.6) 9 (14.8) 10 (16.4)
NON- PATHOGENS
Parasite
  Blastocystis hominis 7 (11.3) 8 (12.9) N/A N/A
  Entamoeba coli 2 (3.2) 3(4.8) N/A N/A
  Iodamoeba butschlii 0(0) 1 (1.6) N/A N/A
  Chilomastix mesnili 1 (1.6) 1(1.6) N/A N/A
  Endolimax nana 0(0) 1(1.6) N/A N/A
TOTAL 10 (16.1) 12 (19.4) N/A N/A
  1. aUsing techniques of either FE Concentrate, fixed smear or modified AF stain