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Table 2 Psychiatric and chronic health conditions of the overall study sample and by smoking status

From: Factors and HCV treatment outcomes associated with smoking among people who inject drugs on opioid agonist treatment: secondary analysis of the PREVAIL randomized clinical trial

Characteristic Overall (N = 150)
%/M ± SD
Smokers (n = 126)
n(%)/M ± SD
Non-smokers (n = 24)
n(%)/M ± SD
p
Psychiatric conditions
 Depression 73(48.7) 64(50.8) 9(37.5) .23
 Anxiety 42(28.0) 33(26.2) 9(37.5) .25
 Bipolar 22(14.7) 18(14.3) 4(16.7) .76
 Psychosis 7(4.7) 5(4.0) 2(8.3) .35
 Post-traumatic stress disorder 13(8.7) 9(7.1) 4(16.7) .12
 Obsessive-compulsive disorder 1(0.7) 1(0.8) 0(0.0) .66
 Any 99(66.0) 84(66.7) 15(62.5) .69
QOL - EQ-5D-3L (≥some/moderate problems)
 Mobility 71(47.3) 60(47.6) 11 (45.8) .87
 Self-care 22(14.7) 17(13.5) 5(20.8) .35
 Usual activities 68(45.3) 58(46.0) 10(41.7) .69
 Pain/discomfort 114(76.0) 98(77.8) 16(66.7) .24
 Anxiety/depression 100(66.7) 85(67.5) 15(62.5) .63
QOL - EQ-5D-3L composite score 0.05(1.29) 0.05(1.35) 0.06(0.9) .72
BMI 27.8(5.3) 27.7(5.0) 28.4(6.5) .56
Chronic health conditions
 Arthritis 10(6.6) 8(6.3) 2(8.3) .71
 Asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 38(25.3) 30(23.8) 8(33.3) .32
 Coronary artery disease 4(2.7) 4(3.2) 0(0.0) .37
 Congestive heart failure 2(1.3) 1(0.8) 1(4.2) .18
 Chronic pain syndrome 9(6) 6(4.8) 3(12.5) .14
 Diabetes 26(17.3) 18(14.3) 8(33.3) .02
 Cirrhosis 41(27.3) 33(26.2) 8(33.3) .47
 Gastro-esophageal reflux disease/peptic ulcer disease 13(8.7) 11(8.7) 2(8.3) .95
 Hyperlipidemia 12(8) 10(7.9) 2(8.3) .94
 Hypertension 58(38.7) 47(37.3) 11(45.8) .43
 Low back pain 23(15.3) 19(15.1) 4(16.7) .84
 Migraine/headaches 5(3.3) 5(4.0) 0(0.0) .32
 Obstructive sleep apnea 1(0.7) 1(0.8) 0(0.0) .66
 Peripheral vascular disease 3(2) 2(1.6) 1(4.2) .40
 Renal insufficiency 6(4) 4(3.2) 2(8.3) .24
 Seizure disorder 5(3.3) 4(3.2) 1(4.1) .80
 Thyroid disease 5(3.3) 5(3.9) 0(0.0) .32
 Any chronic condition 104(69.3) 85(67.4) 19(79.1) .25
  1. Note: % percentage, M mean, SD standard deviation, QOL Quality of life