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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the study sample (N = 150)

From: Factors and HCV treatment outcomes associated with smoking among people who inject drugs on opioid agonist treatment: secondary analysis of the PREVAIL randomized clinical trial

Characteristics Overall (N = 150)
%/M ± SD
Smokers (n = 126)
n(%)/M ± SD
Non-smokers (n = 24)
n(%)/M ± SD
p
Age 51.2 ± 10.6 50.6 ± 10.5 54.7 ± 10.4 .08
Gender
 Male 97(64.7) 81(64.2) 16(66.6) .82
 Female 53(35.3) 45(35.8) 8(33.4)
Race/ethnicity
 Black 40(26.7) 35(27.7) 5(20.8) .30
 Hispanic or Latino 84(56.0) 70(55.5) 14(58.3)
 White 12(8.0) 8(6.4) 4(16.7)
 Other 14(9.3) 13(10.4) 1(4.2)
Marital Status
 Married/living with a partner 55(36.7) 48(38.0) 7(29.1) .40
 Not living with a partner 95(63.3) 78(62.0) 17(70.9)
Educational attainment
 Less than HS 64(42.7) 55(43.6) 9(37.5) .64
 HS graduate/GED 58(38.7) 49(38.9) 9(37.5)
 ≥ HS graduate 28(18.6) 22(17.5) 6(25.0)
Employment status
 Employed 12(8.0) 8(6.4) 4(16.7) .12
 Unemployed, retired, or disabled 124(82.7) 107(84.9) 17(70.8)
 Retired 14(9.3) 11(8.7) 3(12.5)
Monthly income
 ≤ $1500 89(59.3) 73(57.9) 16(66.7) .42
 ≥ $1501 61(40.7) 53(42.1) 8(33.3)
Income include benefits (e.g., SSI) 67(44.7) 63(50.0) 4(16.7) .002
Homeless 116(77.3) 96(76.2) 20(83.3) .44
  1. Note. % percentage, M mean, SD standard deviation, HS high school, GED general educational diploma, SSI Social Security Income