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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the survivors and the non-survivors in children with Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infection during January 2009 to June 2019

From: A risk score based on pediatric sequential organ failure assessment predicts 90-day mortality in children with Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infection

Variable Total
(N = 146)
Survivors
(n = 113)
Non-survivors
(n = 33)
P value
Boys, n (%) 89 (61.0) 69 (61.1) 20 (60.6) 0.96
Age, months, median (IQR) 2.7 (1.0, 10.9) 2.3 (0.8, 10.4) 4.0 (1.3, 14.7) 0.13
Age group     0.38
 ≤ 1 month, n (%) 38 (26.0) 32 (28.3) 6 (18.2)  
 1–12 months, n (%) 74 (50.7) 57 (50.4) 17 (51.5)  
 > 12 months, n (%) 34 (23.3) 24 (21.2) 10 (30.3)  
 Weight-for-age z-score, median (IQR) −0.7 (− 1.8, 0) −0.7 (− 1.8, 0) −0.5 (− 2.5, 0.4) 0.65
 Preterm birth, n (%) 48 (32.9) 33 (29.2) 15 (45.5) 0.08
 Cesarean delivery, n (%) 81 (55.5) 64 (56.6) 17 (51.5) 0.60
 Prior hospitalization within 6 months, n (%) 66 (45.2) 44 (38.9) 22 (66.7) < 0.01
Underlying comorbidities
 Congenital gastrointestinal anomaliesa, n (%) 61 (41.8) 48 (42.5) 13 (39.4) 0.75
 Congenital heart disease, n (%) 55 (37.7) 44 (38.9) 11 (33.3) 0.56
 Malignancies, n (%) 11 (7.5) 6 (5.3) 5 (15.2) 0.13
Admission year     0.43
 2009–2012, n (%) 28 (19.2) 22 (19.5) 6 (18.2)  
 2013–2016, n (%) 43 (29.5) 36 (31.9) 7 (21.2)  
 2017–2019, n (%) 75 (51.4) 55 (48.7) 20 (60.6)  
Admission ward     0.20
 Pediatric intensive care unit, n (%) 18 (12.3) 11 (9.7) 7 (21.2)  
 Pediatric surgery intensive care unit, n (%) 49 (33.6) 38 (33.6) 11 (33.3)  
 Neonatal intensive care unit, n (%) 36 (24.7) 27 (23.9) 9 (27.3)  
 Others, n (%) 43 (29.5) 37 (32.7) 6 (18.2)  
  1. IQR interquartile range
  2. aCongenital gastrointestinal anomalies included esophageal atresia, intestinal atresia, anal atresia, and diaphragmatic hernia