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Table 2 Predictors of micronutrient level in visceral leishmaniasis patients (n = 1309)

From: Micronutrient levels and their effects on the prognosis of visceral leishmaniasis treatment, a prospective cohort study

Dependent Variables Predictors β [95% CI β] P-value
Serum zinc level Problematic alcohol use -2.7[−4.01 - -1.5] < 0.01
Female sex -1.28 [−2.5 - -0.07] 0.04
DDS 9.75 [7.71–11.79] < 0.01
High family size −1.63 [−2.68 - -0.58] < 0.01
HIV −2.95 [−4.97 - -0.92] < 0.01
Age −0.043 [−0.08 - -0.01] 0.01
Anti-leishmaniasis treatments 0.09 [−0.3–0.48] 0.66
Iron Alcohol 7.6 [5.86–9.35] < 0.01
Chronic diseases −7.44 [−9.75 - -5.13] 0.01
Malaria −12.69 [−14.53 - -10.87] < 0.01
Hookworm −4.48 [−6.82 - -2.14] < 0.01
High family size −5.14 [−7.01 - -3.28] < 0.01
HIV −5.51 [−8.23 - -2.78] < 0.01
Age 0.11 [0.07–0.15] < 0.01
MUAC 0.75 [0.21–1.29] < 0.01
Anti-leishmaniasis treatments 0.67 [0.08–1.27] 0.02
Serum Selenium HIV −18.1 [−20.63 - -15.58] < 0.01
High family size −11.36 [− 13.02 - -9.7] < 0.01
Anti-leishmaniasis treatments 3.04 [2.32–3.76] < 0.01
Iodine Malaria −3.78 [−6.16 - -1.39] < 0.01
DDS 25 .84 [22.57–29.1] < 0.01
Smoking −12.34 [− 15.98 - -8.7] < 0.01
HIV −38.02 [−41.98 - -34.06] < 0.01
Chronic illness −5.14 [−7.82 - -2.46] < 0.01
Regular physical exercise 5.82 [0.39–11.26] 0.04
Anti-leishmaniasis treatments 13.67 [13.15–14.2] < 0.01
Vitamin A Problematic alcohol use −1.09 [− 2.01 - -0.17] 0.02
Chronic illness −2.56 [−3.53 - -1.59] < 0.01
Urban residence 0.81 [0.08–1.54] 0.03
DDS 1.62 [0.36–2.88] 0.01
Malaria −4.8 [−5.91 - -3.85] < 0.01
High family size −5.03 [− 5.83 - -4.22] < 0.01
HIV −2.89 [−4.44 - -1.34] < 0.01
Age 0.09 [0.07–0.12] < 0.01
MUAC 0.86 [0.52–1.21] < 0.01
Anti-leishmaniasis treatments −0.3 [− 0.62 - -0.17] 0.06
Vitamin D BMI 1.52 [0.42–2.6] < 0.01
DDS 16.24 [14.89–17.58] < 0.01
Malaria −0.61 [−3.37 - -3.37] < 0.01
Hookworm −3.94 [−5.46 - -2.41] < 0.01
High family size −1.15 [−2.03 - -0.28] < 0.01
HIV −9.43 [− 10.92 - -7.94] < 0.01
Age 0.03 [0.001–0.06] 0.04
Anti-leishmaniasis treatments −0.94 [−1.25 - -0.63] < 0.01