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Table 5 Difference between percentage rates of answers for questions of first and second phase surveys

From: Before-and-after online community survey on knowledge and perception of COVID-19 pandemic

Question Answer Rate of answers [%]
Cohort
Physician Nurse Student of medicine-oriented faculty Non-medical professional Student of non-medicine-oriented faculty Secondary school student All respondents (Mean)
Which human organ system is usually infected by Coronavirus? respiratory system 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.0
nervous system 0.0 0.0 −0.3 −1.2 − 1.7 −2.0 − 1.0
digestive system 0.0 0.0 −0.3 −1.2 0.0 −0.8 −0.5
muscular system 0.0 0.0 −0.3 −1.8 − 1.1 − 0.1 − 0.7
genitourinary system 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus disease 2019? fever 0.0 1.5 1.8 −0.7 −1.0 − 2.4 0.1
cough 2.0 −1.3 − 1.8 2.0 −2.8 −6.9 − 1.4
breathlessness or breathing problems 1.4 1.5 4.2 5.0 11.9 7.7 6.0
muscle pain 9.3 11.9 −4.9 4.5 1.5 1.3 1.1
fatigue 12.2 32.6 −2.2 17.5 15.1 −0.4 9.1
How does the virus spread to another person? by droplet transmission: coughing/sneezing 0.7 0.0 0.3 −1.3 −0.4 − 0.6 − 0.1
by indirect contact: through items touched by the infected person 14.5 19.2 13.5 22.6 29.8 21.5 18.1
by fecal-oral transmission: eating food contaminated with the virus 7.2 8.8 1.7 −0.9 6.7 −7.1 − 0.8
by direct contact: touching infected person 6.5 9.3 2.8 7.4 18.0 18.9 9.2
How to protect yourself from the virus? wear a standard (“surgical”) mask 58.0 46.9 41.1 51.2 51.3 37.4 44.8
wear a mask with a HEPA filter 35.4 50.4 33.6 51.0 42.1 26.0 37.5
wash your hands often −0.8 −0.9 0.1 −1.1 0.0 0.7 − 0.3
cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing −2.1 −4.1 2.2 6.9 3.4 2.8 3.4
keep at least 1 m distance from others. −6.4 −2.8 5.8 4.1 1.1 5.8 3.4
do not leave the house / flat 52.6 64.9 63.4 69.8 69.9 72.3 66.1
contact the sanitary and epidemiological station after you came back from another country where Coronavirus disease 2019 has been reported 5.7 4.4 15.1 23.3 6.1 0.8 11.3
drink alcohol −0.5 −2.9 −2.6 −2.6 −3.6 −0.3 −2.3
avoid products made in China −1.2 −0.2 −1.9 −2.8 −2.8 −1.5 − 2.2
What should I do if signs of infection appear? notify the sanitary and epidemiological station 0.3 1.1 6.8 5.1 8.6 11.1 6.6
report to the emergency department in the nearest hospital 1.8 1.3 −4.6 −7.7 −12.2 −7.5 −6.4
go to family doctor 0.9 −0.2 −2.4 −5.6 − 7.3 − 6.2 − 4.2
report to an infectious disease ward or observation and infectious disease ward −11.4 − 0.5 −26.0 − 6.4 − 26.4 − 21.3 − 19.1
What would be for you the biggest obstacle in everyday life due to Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic? inability to go to your workplace or place of study − 18.0 − 10.7 14.5 3.4 9.7 13.0 8.2
cancelled mass events, such as performances, conferences, concerts 1.8 6.3 −2.6 −4.0 4.1 3.2 −1.6
cancelled trips, flights 6.4 4.7 −4.9 −0.7 6.3 −16.1 −4.1
quarantine or isolation from loved ones due to quarantine 3.8 −15.5 15.0 −3.5 −3.3 17.9 5.6
no products and food in shops or higher prices in stores −40.2 −25.7 −34.5 − 32.9 − 43.7 − 45.0 −36.7
no personal protection equipment in stock 12.0 11.1 6.7 8.1 4.3 −8.8 5.6
Does any of the following aspects worries you due to the spreading infection? nothing worries me −10.2 −5.9 −27.1 −23.0 −15.0 − 19.7 −19.6
my own health and life 1.9 3.6 10.7 10.7 −1.4 5.6 5.9
health and life of my family 19.9 12.6 34.3 28.1 21.0 22.9 26.5
being quarantined −14.4 −11.5 −16.8 − 18.9 −26.9 −15.9 − 18.2
economic crisis 70.2 51.8 64.0 65.2 72.6 56.8 64.1
my education 18.3 9.2 51.4 19.8 41.8 39.4 37.3
Which of the following are your sources of knowledge about Coronavirus disease 2019? TV news 0.5 14.1 30.6 2.4 19.7 14.5 16.4
radio −3.0 0.5 6.3 −8.4 0.7 2.0 0.0
newspapers −0.2 6.5 1.0 1.3 −1.7 −1.3 0.1
websites such as: onet, interia, wp, gazeta.pl, trójmiasto.pl 5.8 17.0 10.2 10.5 6.3 8.2 7.1
website of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Poland 10.9 16.0 27.7 28.0 31.8 22.3 27.4
websites such as: onet.pl, interia.pl, wp.pl, gazeta.pl, trójmiasto.pl 4.0 8.8 0.3 22.5 18.3 −1.2 9.6
family members and friends 2.0 5.6 −3.5 −6.8 7.5 13.4 0.2
social media: Facebook, Tweeter, Instagram −18.4 11.2 3.9 −6.1 −6.4 2.2 −3.6