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Table 2 Percentage rates of answers for questions of first phase surveys

From: Before-and-after online community survey on knowledge and perception of COVID-19 pandemic

Question Answer Rate of answers [%] p-value
Cohort
Physician Nurse Student of medicine-oriented faculty Non-medical professional Student of non-medicine-oriented faculty Secondary school student All respondents (Mean)
Which human organ system is usually infected by Coronavirus? respiratory system 100.0 100.0 99.0 97.0 97.1 95.9 97.9 0.1563
nervous system 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.2 1.7 2.0 1.0
digestive system 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.2 0.0 0.8 0.5
muscular system 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.8 1.1 1.2 0.8
genitourinary system 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus disease 2019? fever 100.0 98.5 97.2 100.0 99.4 98.0 98.6 0.0000
cough 98.0 98.5 97.2 95.8 96.6 96.3 96.9
breathlessness or breathing problems 98.6 98.5 95.5 94.6 87.4 90.6 93.6
muscle pain 72.8 60.3 62.4 66.7 56.3 55.9 61.9
fatigue 74.8 47.1 71.1 60.1 50.6 55.9 61.7
How does the virus spread to another person? by droplet transmission: coughing/sneezing 99.3 100.0 99.7 100.6 98.9 100.0 99.7 0.0000
by indirect contact: through items touched by the infected person 57.8 45.6 43.6 43.5 37.4 39.6 43.7
by fecal-oral transmission: eating food contaminated with the virus 24.5 8.8 18.1 26.2 25.3 32.7 24.1
by direct contact: touching infected person 41.5 32.4 35.9 38.1 24.1 26.1 32.7
How to protect yourself from the virus? wear a standard (“surgical”) mask 5.4 5.9 6.3 4.8 5.7 9.8 6.6 0.0000
wear a mask with a HEPA filter 48.3 26.5 39.7 19.0 25.9 42.9 35.4
wash your hands often 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 100.0 98.8 99.8
cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing 89.1 98.5 87.8 83.3 83.3 81.6 85.9
keep at least 1 m distance from others. 96.6 92.6 87.5 86.9 85.6 85.3 88.2
do not leave the house / flat 27.9 14.7 27.2 12.5 18.4 21.6 21.6
contact the sanitary and epidemiological station after you came back from another country where Coronavirus disease 2019 has been reported 70.7 88.2 77.0 60.1 82.2 85.3 77.0
drink alcohol 1.4 2.9 3.1 4.8 5.2 3.7 3.6
avoid products made in China 2.0 2.9 4.5 5.4 5.2 8.2 5.1
What should I do if signs of infection appear? notify the sanitary and epidemiological station 97.3 97.1 92.7 91.7 91.4 87.8 92.1 0.0002
report to the emergency department in the nearest hospital 0.7 1.5 5.6 7.7 13.8 13.1 8.0
go to family doctor 0.7 2.9 3.5 9.5 8.0 10.6 6.3
report to an infectious disease ward or observation and infectious disease ward 74.8 76.5 72.1 56.5 70.1 70.2 69.6
What would be for you the biggest obstacle in everyday life due to Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic? inability to go to your workplace or place of study 49.7 26.5 61.7 39.9 57.5 55.9 52.5 0.0000
cancelled mass events, such as performances, conferences, concerts 13.6 2.9 32.8 20.2 31.0 47.3 29.4
cancelled trips, flights 32.7 14.7 37.3 39.3 30.5 53.9 38.2
quarantine or isolation from loved ones due to quarantine 73.5 86.8 58.9 76.8 73.6 64.9 69.1
no products and food in shops or higher prices in stores 52.4 54.4 62.4 54.2 71.8 64.5 61.2
no personal protection equipment in stock 44.9 50.0 32.8 34.5 29.3 31.0 34.8
Does any of the following aspects worries you due to the spreading infection? nothing worries me 10.2 5.9 32.1 27.4 21.3 28.6 24.2 0.0000
my own health and life 26.5 42.6 11.1 25.0 26.4 17.1 21.1
health and life of my family 72.8 80.9 53.3 58.9 62.6 54.3 60.2
being quarantined 34.7 41.2 23.3 25.0 31.6 22.0 27.3
economic crisis 4.6 5.6 7.9 8.1 3.2 9.9 7.0
my education 4.5 1.9 2.2 3.3 5.1 4.5 3.6
Which of the following are your sources of knowledge about Coronavirus disease 2019? TV news 32.0 47.1 20.2 57.1 31.0 43.3 36.1 0.0000
radio 13.6 23.5 8.7 31.5 14.9 22.4 17.9
newspapers 11.6 7.4 3.5 11.3 4.0 8.6 7.3
websites such as: onet, interia, wp, gazeta.pl, trójmiasto.pl 34.0 26.5 29.6 49.4 41.4 49.0 39.3
website of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Poland 47.6 61.8 42.2 33.3 27.6 29.4 37.6
websites such as: onet.pl, interia.pl, wp.pl, gazeta.pl, trójmiasto.pl 87.1 66.2 75.3 36.3 46.6 50.6 60.1
family members and friends 14.3 7.4 35.9 31.0 33.9 41.6 31.4
social media: Facebook, Tweeter, Instagram 51.7 32.4 42.5 41.1 62.6 53.9 48.7