Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive analysis of MSM according to no previous HIV test and a previous negative HIV result Brazil, 2016

From: Acceptability of HIV self-testing is low among men who have sex with men who have not tested for HIV: a study with respondent-driven sampling in Brazil

Variables No previous HIV testa Previous negative HIV resulta p-value
% 95%CI % 95%CI
Age        0.26
 < 25 years old 64.3 (57.2–70.9) 59.5 (54.8–64.1)
 ≥ 25 years old 35.7 (29.1–42.8) 40.5 (35.9–45.2)
Race        0.09
 Brown/mixed race 48.4 (41.6–55.2) 39.2 (34.7–43.9)
 White 29.1 (22.9–36.2) 34.9 (30.5–39.5)
 Black 22.5 (17.9–27.9) 25.9 (21.4–31.2)
Schooling        < 0.001
 Primary/Incomplete secondary education 46.1 (39.6–52.6) 23.5 (19.9–27.5)
 Complete secondary/Incomplete undergraduate education 48.8 (42.4–55.2) 62.6 (58.1–67.0)
 Complete undergraduate education 5.2 (2.3–11.5) 13.9 (11.3–17.1)
Socio-economic status groups        < 0.001
 D-E (Low) 26.5 (21.0–32.8) 9.7 (7.5–12.4)
 C (Middle) 38.5 (32.3–45.0) 42.1 (37.4–46.9)
 A-B (High) 35.1 (29.1–41.6) 48.2 (43.5–53.0)
Marital status        0.10
 Single/separated/widowed 90.1 (85.9–93.2) 86.1 (82.9–88.8)
 Married/living together 9.9 (6.8–14.1) 13.9 (11.2–17.1)
Self-reported discrimination during the lifetime        < 0.001
 No 46.9 (40.5–53.5) 28.5 (24.7–32.7)
 Yes 53.1 (46.5–59.5) 71.5 (67.3–75.3)
Medical appointment in the last 12 months        < 0.001
 No 30.4 (25.0–36.4) 12.9 (10.2–16.1)
 Yes 69.6 (63.6–75.0) 87.1 (83.8–89.7)
Took part of any workshop on STI and HIV/AIDS in the last 12 months        0.26
 No 83.0 (76.7–87.9) 79.0 (74.8–82.7)
 Yes 17.0 (12.1–23.3) 21.0 (17.3–25.2)
Knowledge about HIV/AIDS (IRT score)2        < 0.001
 Low 35.4 (29.4–41.9) 24.0 (19.6–29.1)
 Middle 47.6 (41.0–54.2) 47.0 (42.3–51.8)
 High 17.1 (12.7–22.6) 29.0 (25.0–33.3)
Self-perception of risk        < 0.01
 Low 24.9 (19.6–31.0) 14.6 (11.6–18.4)
 Middle 60.8 (54.1–67.8) 74.8 (70.2–79.0)
 High 14.2 (9.4–20.9) 10.5 (7.7–14.1)
Took part of LGBT NGO        0.03
 No 87.9 (81.7–92.2) 80.1 (76.2–83.6)
 Yes 12.1 (7.8–18.3) 19.9 (16.5–23.8)
Condomless receptive anal sex (past 6 months)        0.15
 Always used condoms 66.8 (60.5–72.4) 61.3 (56.8–65.6)
 Irregular use of condoms 33.3 (27.6–39.5) 38.7 (34.4–43.2)
  1. a Weighted by Gile-SS