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Table 4 Factors associated with persistent HBV infection

From: High incidence and persistence of hepatitis B virus infection in individuals receiving HIV care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Baseline characteristics RR (95% CI) p-value aRR (95% CI) p-value
Gender (ref: female)
 Male 1.75 (1.00–3.06) 0.05 1.71 (0.97–3.02) 0.064
Research site (ref: urban)
 Rural 0.59 (0.24–1.47) 0.254 0.51 (0.17–1.52) 0.226
Age group (years) (ref: ≥35)
  < 24 1.46 (0.51–4.20) 0.478 1.57 (0.47–5.23) 0.463
 24–34 1.24 (0.69–2.25) 0.469 1.43 (0.79–2.61) 0.241
CD4 count (cells/mm3) (ref: ≥200)
  < 50 2.63 (1.10–6.32) 0.030 2.54 (1.06–6.14) 0.038
50–200 1.57 (0.68–3.58) 0.289 1.54 (0.65–3.63) 0.327
Active TB at enrolment (ref: no)
 Yes 1.17 (0.66–2.10) 0.588 0.80 (0.42–1.52) 0.498
BMI (kg/m2) (ref: < 18.5)
  ≥ 18.5 1.15 (0.46–2.85) 0.764 1.33 (0.54–3.28) 0.538