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Table 3 Factors associated with incident HBV infection

From: High incidence and persistence of hepatitis B virus infection in individuals receiving HIV care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Baseline characteristics HR (95% CI) p-value aHR (95% CI) p-value
Gender (ref: female)
 Male 2.11 (1.14–3.92) 0.017 1.72 (0.89–3.35) 0.108
Research site (ref: urban)
 Rural 1.14 (0.50–2.59) 0.758 3.04 (0.82–11.21) 0.095
Age group (years) (ref: ≥35)
  < 24 1.12 (0.33–3.83) 0.853 1.01 (0.23–4.50) 0.985
 24–34 1.13 (0.59–2.13) 0.716 1.20 (0.62–2.33) 0.593
CD4 count (cells/mm3) (ref: ≥200)
  < 50 1.35 (0.53–3.39) 0.528 1.33 (0.52–3.39) 0.550
 50–200 1.09 (0.50–2.39) 0.832 1.18 (0.53–2.63) 0.693
Active TB at enrolment (ref: no)
 Yes 1.57 (0.79–3.13) 0.203 2.38 (0.77–7.35) 0.132
BMI (kg/m2) (ref: < 18.5)
  ≥ 18.5 0.84 (0.35–1.99) 0.687 1.21 (0.46–3.16) 0.703