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Table 2 Baseline Clinical and Demographic Characteristics by HBsAg Status

From: High incidence and persistence of hepatitis B virus infection in individuals receiving HIV care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Variable HBsAg Positive
(N = 363)
HBsAg Negative (N = 3929) p-value
Research site, n (%)    0.004
 Urban 216 (9.6%) 2028 (90.4%)  
 Rural 147 (7.2%) 1901 (92.8%)  
Gender, n (%)    <.001
 Male 192 (11.9%) 1419 (88.1%)  
 Female 171 (6.4%) 2510 (93.6%)  
Age group (years), n (%)a    0.403
  < 24 22 (8.0%) 253 (92.0%)  
 24–34 191 (9.0%) 1922 (91.0%)  
  ≥ 35 149 (7.9%) 1746 (92.1%)  
TB status at enrollment, n (%)    0.564
 TB not present 233 (8.3%) 2581 (91.7%)  
 TB present 130 (8.8%) 1348 (91.2%)  
Body mass index (kg/m2), n (%)b    0.007
  < 18.5 61 (11.6%) 467 (88.4%)  
  ≥ 18.5 288 (8.0%) 3333 (92.0%)  
CD4+ count at enrollment (cells/mm3), n (%)c    0.185
  < 50 74 (10.6%) 625 (89.4%)  
 50–200 173 (8.6%) 1840 (91.4%)  
  ≥ 200 93 (8.2%) 1045 (91.8%)  
HIV Viral load (log10 copies/ml), mean (SD) 5.0 (0.9) 5.0 (0.9) 0.179
  1. a 9 patients had missing data
  2. b 143 patients had missing data
  3. c 453 patients had missing data