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Table 5 knowledge of the community member and professional respondents towards anthrax symptoms, transmission routes and control/prevention methods in humans

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice towards anthrax in northern Ethiopia: a mixed approach study

  Professionals Community
Variable Frequency (n = 62) % Frequency (n = 800) %
Number who did not knew anthrax symptoms (n/%) 6 9.7 506 63.3
Number who knew anthrax symptoms (n/%) 56 90.3 294 36.8
Fever 39 62.9 181 22.4
Chills 28 45.1 80 10
Fatigue 31 50 37 4.6
Skin rash/wounds 41 66.1 68 8.5
Coughing 22 35.5 16 2
Lack of appetite 29 45.2 25 3.1
Headache 25 40.3 15 1.9
Irritability 15 24.1 10 1.3
Diarrhea 17 27.4 7 0.8
Vomiting 21 33.9 8 1
Sweating 21 33.9 12 1.5
Other (swelling, wound, pain, itching, etc) 1a 1.6a 102 12.8
Number who did not knew anthrax transmission (n/%) 6 9.7 639 79.9
Number who knew anthrax transmission (n/%) 56 90.3 161 20.1
Eating infected animal product (raw meat & milk) 52 83.9 127 15.9
Handling infected animals and animal products without protective clothing 28 45.1 66 8.3
Through contaminated soil 24 38.7 28 3.5
Number who did not knew anthrax control/prevention methods (n/%) 5 8.1 435 54.4
Number who knew anthrax control/prevention methods (n/%) 57 91.9 365 45.6
Avoid contact with anthrax infected animals 32 51.6 59 7.4
Avoid contact with anthrax infected people 22 35.5 35 4.4
By avoiding eating anthrax infected animal products 44 71 63 7.9
Bury all suspected anthrax carcasses 34 54.8 28 3.5
Burn all suspected anthrax animal carcasses 28 45.1 20 2.5
Bury and burn all suspected anthrax carcasses 22 35.5 7 0.9
Vaccinate animals 42 67.7 276 34.5
Using traditional medicine 10 1.3
Other (Keeping good hygiene/sanitation and nutrition) 9 1.1
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