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Table 4 knowledge of the community members and professional respondents towards anthrax symptoms, transmission routes and control/prevention methods in animals

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice towards anthrax in northern Ethiopia: a mixed approach study

  Professionals Community
Variable Frequency (n = 62) % Frequency (n = 800) %
Number who did not knew anthrax symptoms (n/%) 16 25.8 590 73.8
Number who knew anthrax symptoms (n/%) 46 74.2 210 26.3
Sudden death 33 53.2 115 14.4
Un-clotted dark red blood 26 41.9 32 3
Bleeding from natural orifices 29 46.8 24 4
Incomplete rigor mortis 17 27.4 14 1.8
Other (swelling, wound, pain, fatigue, etc) 8a 12.9a 78 9.8
Number who did not knew anthrax transmission (n/%) 13 21 630 78.8
Number who knew anthrax transmission (n/%) 49 79 170 21.3
Ingesting of blood contaminated grass 33 53.2 104 13
Drinking contaminated water 30 48.4 76 9.5
Licking anthrax dead bones 24 38.7 33 4.1
Through contaminated soil 35 56.5 67 8.4
Believe its transmission but did not tell the method 7 11.3   
Other (inhalation, contact) 7 0.9
Number who did not knew anthrax control/prevention methods (n/%) 13 21 453 56.6
Number who knew anthrax control/prevention methods (n/%) 49 79 347 43.4
Isolate/separate anthrax infected animals 33 53.2 61 7.6
Avoid with anthrax infected people 37 4.6
Burn all suspected anthrax animal carcasses 27 43.6 33 4.1
Bury all suspected anthrax carcasses 32 51.6 22 2.8
Vaccinate animals 42 67.7 1 0.1
Bury and burn all suspected anthrax carcasses 22 35.5 1 0.1
Using Traditional medicine   36 4.5
  1. aswelling, black wound, diarrhoea, bloat
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