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Table 3 Indications (therapy, prophylaxis) and combinations of antibiotics used in the four types of pediatric wards

From: Analysis of antibiotic treatment of children in a Shanghai tertiary hospital based on point prevalence surveys

Indications Number of Participants
(n = 2541)
General pediatric medical wards
(n = 985)
Pediatric surgical wards
(n = 771)
PICU
(n = 168)
Neonatal wards
(n = 617)
Prophylaxis 594 (23.4) 23 (2.3) 525 (68.1) 7 (4.2) 39 (6.3)
Single 427 (71.9) 20 (87.0) 366 (69.7) 6 (85.7) 35 (89.7)
Two antibiotics combination 161 (27.1) 1 (4.3) 156 (29.7) 1 (14.3) 3 (7.7)
Three antibiotics combination 6 (1.0) 2 (8.7) 3 (0.6) 0 1 (2.6)
Therapy 1893 (74.5) 960 (97.5) 214 (27.8) 156 (92.8) 563 (91.2)
Single 1215 (64.2) 667 (69.5) 78 (36.4) 78 (50.0) 392 (69.6)
Two antibiotics combination 607 (32.1) 257 (26.8) 124 (57.9) 63 (40.4) 163 (29.0)
Three antibiotics combination 71 (3.7) 36 (3.7) 12 (5.6) 15 (9.6) 8 (1.4)
Prophylaxis + Therapy 54 (2.1) 2 (0.2) 32 (4.1) 5 (3.0) 15 (2.4)
Single 27 (50.0) 0 14 (43.8) 0 13 (86.7)
Two antibiotics combination 20 (37.0) 0 18 (56.2) 1 (20.0) 1 (6.7)
Three antibiotics combination  7 (13.0)  2 (100.0)  0  4 (80.0)  1 (6.7)