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Table 2 Subgroup analysis of studies included in meta-analysis on patient delay in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopia (n = 12)

From: Patient delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroup Number of included studies Random effects (95%CI) Test of heterogeneity (I2) p- value
By region
 Amhara 6 26.8 (20.9–32.6) 90.6% < 0.001
 SNNPR 2 27.2 (22.3–32.0) 81.9% < 0.001
 Addis Ababa 1 17.0 (15.0–18.9) _  
 Oromiya 1 15.0 (12.7–17.3) _  
 Afar 1 20.0 (14.6–25.4) _  
 Tigray 1 30.0 (26.6–33.4)  
By publication year
 Before 2015 5 25.8 (21.6–29.9) 71.5% < 0.001
 After 2015 7 24.3 (18.0–30.5) 97.8% < 0.001
By sample size
  < 384 6 23.8 (18.7–28.9) 90.2% < 0.001
  ≥ 384 6 25.9 (19.3–32.5) 97.5% < 0.001
 Overall   24.6 (20.8–28.4) 94.9%