Skip to main content

Table 1 Social-demographic and status of mothers and children in two areas of China, 2004–2018 (N = 899)

From: Preventing mother to child transmission of HIV: lessons learned from China

  Total number HIV-infected MTCT rate χ2 P
(n = 899) (n = 59) (%)(95%CI)   
Maternal age (years)     0.164 0.686
  ≤ 27 480 33 6.9 (4.7–9.2)   
  > 27 419 26 6.3 (4.0–8.6)   
Areas     0.358 0.549
 Hubei 469 33 7.1 (4.8–9.4)   
 Yining 430 26 6.1 (3.8–8.3)   
Ethnicity     .. 0.483
 Han 457 32 7.0 (4.7–9.3)   
 Uygur 412 24 5.8 (3.6–8.1)   
 Others 30 3 10.0 (2.1–26.4)   
Route of infection     .. 0.188
 Sex 857 54 6.3 (4.7–7.9)   
 Othersa 42 5 11.9 (4.0–25.6)   
HIV status of sexual partner     .. 0.836
 Negative 466 29 6.2 (4.0–8.4)   
 Positive 362 26 7.2 (4.5–9.8)   
 Unknown 71 4 5.6 (0.3–11.0)   
Multipara or not     0.068 0.793
 Yes 365 23 6.3 (3.8,8.8)   
 No 534 36 6.7 (4.6,8.9)   
ARVs for pregnant women     62.442 < 0.001
 Yes 666 18 2.7 (1.5–3.9)   
 No 233 41 17.6 (12.7–22.5)   
Regimens of ARVs for mothers     69.053 < 0.001
 Prenatal cART 333 1 0.3 (0.0–1.7)   
 AZT alone 81 3 3.7 (0.8–10.4)   
 sdARVs 252 14 5.6 (2.7–8.4)   
 No ARVs 233 41 17.6 (12.7–22.5)   
Intrapartum CD4 count(/μL)     29.782 < 0.001
  ≥ 200 491 15 3.1 (1.5–4.6)   
  < 200 78 14 17.9 (9.4–26.5)   
 Unknown 330 30 9.1 (6.0–12.2)   
Mode of delivery     2.468 0.116
 Cesarean section 544 30 5.5 (3.6–7.4)   
 Vaginal delivery 355 29 8.2 (5.3–11.0)   
Sex of infant     .. 0.795
 Female 407 25 6.1 (3.8–8.5)   
 Male 452 31 6.9 (4.5–9.2)   
 Unknown 40 3 7.5 (1.6–20.3)   
Birth weight     .. < 0.001
  ≥ 2500 g 772 41 5.3 (3.7–6.9)   
  < 2500 g 55 11 20.0 (9.4–30.6)   
 Unknown 72 7 9.7 (2.9–16.6)   
IP     56.327 < 0.001
 Yes 720 25 3.5 (2.1–4.8)   
 No 179 34 19.0 (13.3–24.7)   
Breastfeeding     .. < 0.001
 Never 831 34 4.1 (2.7–5.0)   
 Ever 68 25 36.8 (25.3–48.2)   
Complex interventions     .. < 0.001
 Prenatal cART+IP + FF 331 1 0.3 (0.0–1.7)   
 AZT alone+IP + FF 80 3 3.8 (0.8–10.5)   
 sdARVs+IP + FF 247 14 5.7 (2.8–8.6)   
 IP + FF 60 6 10.0 (2.4–17.6)   
 Only FF 106 10 9.4 (3.9–15.0)   
 Non-intervention 66 24 36.4 (24.8–48.0)   
 Others 9 1 11.1 (0.3–48.0)   
  1. aothers include 32 cases of blood route (paid plasma donation and blood transfusion), 9 cases of intravenous drug, and 1 case of MTCT
  2. .. no statistic value obtained by Fisher’s exact test