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Table 1 Patient and Infection characteristics

From: The use of antibiotics in the intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital in Malawi

Variable n (%)
N = 640
Male sex 326 (51.0%)
Age in yrs. Median (IQR) 32 (22–45)
Specialty
 Surgery 213 (33.3%)
 Medicine 131 (20.5%)
 Obstetrics and Gynaecology 108 (16.9%)
 Neurosurgery 105 (16.4%)
 Peadiatrics 39 (6.1%)
 Ear, Nose and Throat 19 (3.0%)
 Othera 25 (4.0%)
Admitted from
 Theatre 352 (55.0%)
 Emergency department 137 (21.4%)
 Ward 128 (20.0%)
 Recovery room 3 (0.5%)
 Other 20 (3.1%)
Diagnosis
 Serious Infectionb 141 (22.0%)
 Non-communicable diseasec 133 (20.8%)
 Traumad 103 (16.1%)
 Bowel perforation or obstructione 98 (15.3%)
 Post-delivery or abortion care 43 (6.7%)
 Acute respiratory diseasef 35 (5.5%)
 Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia 16 (2.5%)
 Other/ Unknown 71 (11.1%)
Length of stay in days Median (IQR) 2 (1–4)
Duration of care with antibiotics in the ICU Median (IQR) 2 (1–4)
ICU mortality 223 (34.8%)
Length of stay for those who died Median (IQR) 2 (1–5)
Hospital Mortality 291 (45.5%)
  1. a Orthopedics, Burns and Oncology
  2. bIncluding Meningitis, Malaria, Endometritis, Pneumonia, sepsis/septic shock and Tuberculosis
  3. c Cancer, Anaemia, unspecified tumours
  4. dIncluding Head injury and Burns
  5. eincluding Typhoid perforation
  6. f includes Asthma and Pulmonary Oedema