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Table 1 Global variable explanations and baseline values

From: Comparing intervention strategies for reducing Clostridioides difficile transmission in acute healthcare settings: an agent-based modeling study

Global variable Description Baseline value
occupancy hospital occupancy level 0.85
ar probability a patient is resistant upon admission 0.75
as probability a patient is susceptible upon admission 0.09
ac probability a patient is colonized upon admission 0.15
ad probability a patient is diseased upon admission 0.01
probability-lack-immunity probability a colonized patient will not mount an immune response 0.1
prrmin minimum probability of regaining resistance 0.2
probability-antibiotic half-daily probability of a patient beginning an antibiotic treatment 0.27
prob-low-risk probability of a prescribed antibiotic being low-risk with respect to CDI 0.4
prob-high-risk probability of a prescribed antibiotic being high-risk with respect to CDI 0.26
prob-vhigh-risk probability of a prescribed antibiotic being very high-risk with respect to CDI 0.34
\(p_{l}^{h}\) probability of becoming colonized if treated with low-risk antibiotic in a highly contaminated room 1/30
prob-suff-clean probability of effective room cleaning 0.5
sensitivity sensitivity of the CDI screening test 0.91
turnaround turnaround time (half-days) of the CDI screening test 2
prob-succ-treat probability of successful treatment of CDI 0.8
HCW-compliance-CDI-patients probability of an HCW following proper contact precautions when visiting a quarantined patient with CDI 0.6
HCW-basic-compliance probability of an HCW complying with contact precautions after visiting a non-quarantined patient 0.45
clean-reduction proportion by which the contamination level of a room is reduced after effective cleaning 0.5
HCW-transfer-percent proportion of an HCW’s carrier level that is transferred to a room upon successful transfer 0.9
room-transfer-percent proportion of a room’s contamination level that is transferred to an HCW upon successful transfer 0.1
contam-level-low maximum contamination level of a low-contamination room 0.4
contam-level-med maximum contamination level of a medium-contamination room 0.8