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Table 3 Characteristics and outcomes of E. coli bUTI patients with and without urinary symptoms or signs

From: Presence of urinary symptoms in bacteremic urinary tract infection: a retrospective cohort study of Escherichia coli bacteremia

  bUTI with urinary symptoms (N = 161) bUTI without urinary symptoms (N = 123) p-value
Demographics
 Age categories    0.0025
   < 65 years 61 (37.9%) 24 (19.5%)  
  65–74 years 26 (16.2%) 22 (17.9%)  
  75–84 years 44 (27.3%) 36 (29.3%)  
   > =85 years 30 (18.6%) 41 (33.3%)  
 Age median (IQR) 72.8 (56.0–81.9) 79.0 (67.5–86.6) 0.0002
 Female 122 (75.8%) 85 (69.1%) 0.2271
 Long term care home 16 (9.9%) 28 (22.8%) 0.0045
Admitting service    0.4445
 Medicine 147 (91.3%) 117 (95.1%)  
 Surgery 12 (7.5%) 6 (4.9%)  
 ICU 2 (1.2%) 0 (0%)  
Charlson comorbidity score    0.1632
 0 96 (59.6%) 85 (69.1%)  
 1 27 (16.8%) 12 (9.8%)  
  > =2 38 (23.6%) 26 (21.1%)  
Charlson comorbidity
 Stroke 10 (6.2%) 11 (8.9%) 0.4933
 Dementia 7 (4.4%) 10 (8.1%) 0.2121
 Diabetes 15 (9.3%) 7 (5.7%) 0.3706
 Diabetes with complications 13 (8.1%) 3 (2.4%) 0.0660
History of urinary risk factors
 Chronic indwelling Foley catheter 7 (5.7%) 5 (3.1%) 0.3745
 Benign prostate hypertrophy 5 (3.1%) 11 (8.9%) 0.0401
 Urinary malignancy 9 (5.6%) 4 (3.3%) 0.4041
 Prior urinary tract infection 42 (26.1%) 23 (18.7%) 0.1559
 Nephrolithiasis 14 (8.7%) 2 (1.6%) 0.0097
 Cystoscopy 6 (3.7%) 2 (1.6%) 0.4727
 Prostate biopsy 2 (1.2%) 4 (3.3%) 0.4083
 Other urologic procedure 24 (14.9%) 13 (10.6%) 0.3739
Severity of Infection
 Delirium 26 (16.2%) 42 (34.2%) 0.0007
 Sepsis by SIRS criteria 155 (96.3%) 119 (96.8%) > 0.9999
 Sepsis by qSOFA criteria 53 (32.9%) 57 (46.3%) 0.0268
 Hypotensive shock SBP < 90 120 (74.5%) 103 (83.7%) 0.0797
 Transfer to ICU in 72 h 9 (5.6%) 10 (8.1%) 0.4746
Empiric antibiotics before blood culture collection 15 (9.3%) 9 (7.3%) 0.6683
Outcome
 Death in hospital 5 (3.1%) 12 (9.8%) 0.0234