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Table 1 Univariate analysis of the demographic data associated with treatment delay in childhood pleural TB

From: Treatment delay in childhood pleural tuberculosis and associated factors

  Total (n) Below the Median (< 30 days, n) Above the Median (≥30 days, n) P value* OR (95% CI)
N 154 75 (48.7%) 79 (51.3%)   
Treatment delays (median, interquartile range; days) 30 (10–60) 10 (9–20) 60 (30–120) 0.963  
Vital Signs
 Temperature (°C) 37.2 ± 0.9 37.4 ± 0.9 37.1 ± 0.9 0.018 0.642 (0.445, 0.925)
 Heart rate (beats/min) 97.6 ± 16.0 100.7 ± 15.2 94.7 ± 16.2 0.021 0.975 (0.955, 0.996)
 Respiratory rate (breaths/min) 22.5 ± 2.7 22.9 ± 2.5 22.2 ± 2.9 0.075 0.896 (0.794, 1.011)
 Systolic pressure (mmHg) 111.4 ± 12.3 110.8 ± 13.5 112.0 ± 11.1 0.525  
 Diastolic pressure (mmHg) 69.2 ± 8.5 69.4 ± 8.8 69.0 ± 8.4 0.766  
Medical history
 Contact history of TB 20 (13.0%) 10 (13.3%) 10 (12.7%) 0.901  
 Transferred times 2.1 ± 1.0 2.0 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 1.2 0.313  
 Transferred from a teaching hospital 91 (59.1%) 44 (58.7%) 47 (59.5%) 0.917  
 Times of hospitalization 2.0 ± 1.6 1.9 ± 1.6 2.0 ± 1.6 0.679  
 Surgical treatment 29 (18.8%) 10 (13.3%) 19 (24.1%) 0.093 2.058 (0.887, 4.779)
Symptoms
 Cough 84 (54.5%) 44 (58.7%) 40 (50.6%) 0.317  
 Fever 134 (87.0%) 69 (92.0%) 65 (82.3%) 0.08 0.404 (0.146, 1.114)
 Chest pain 69 (44.8%) 35 (46.7%) 34 (43.0%) 0.651  
 Dyspnea 42 (27.3%) 22 (29.3%) 20 (25.3%) 0.576  
 Sputum production 29 (18.8%) 11 (14.7%) 18 (22.8%) 0.201  
Complications
 Cavity 7 (4.5%) 3 (4.0%) 4 (5.1%) 0.752  
 Loculated effusion 27 (17.5%) 11 (14.7%) 16 (20.3%) 0.364  
 Empyema 27 (17.5%) 7 (9.3%) 20 (25.3%) 0.012 3.293 (1.301, 8.335)
Blood analysis
 White blood cell (109/L) 7.3 ± 2.6 7.3 ± 2.4 7.2 ± 2.7 0.776  
 Red blood cell (1012/L) 4.4 ± 0.5 4.4 ± 0.5 4.5 ± 0.5 0.071 1.908 (0.947, 3.846)
 Hemoglobin (g/L) 121 ± 14 121 ± 12 122 ± 16 0.595  
 Hematocrit 36.3 ± 3.9 36.2 ± 3.5 36.9 ± 4.3 0.297  
 Mean corpuscular volume (fL) 82.4 ± 5.1 83.1 ± 4.9 81.8 ± 5.2 0.137  
 Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (pg) 27.3 ± 2.1 27.7 ± 2.2 27.0 ± 2.0 0.045 0.846 (0.719, 0.997)
 Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (g/L) 331 ± 13 333 ± 13 330 ± 12 0.102  
 Platelet (109/L) 353 ± 129 366 ± 123 340 ± 134 0.225  
 Neutrophil (109/L) 5.1 ± 6.2 5.5 ± 8.5 4.7 ± 2.2 0.454  
 Lymphocyte (109/L) 1.7 ± 0.9 1.8 ± 1.1 1.7 ± 0.7 0.503  
 Monocyte (109/L) 0.8 ± 0.4 0.8 ± 0.4 0.7 ± 0.4 0.829  
 Coefficient of variation of red cell distribution width (%) 13.9 ± 1.8 13.3 ± 1.1 14.4 ± 2.2 0.001 1.609 (1.223, 2.116)
 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (mm/h) 40.8 ± 26.4 46.5 ± 23.4 35.2 ± 28.1 0.011 0.983 (0.970, 0.996)
  1. TB Tuberculosis, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval. *P values were obtained from the univariate logistic regression analysis