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Table 2 The distribution and multilevel logistic regression analysis of factor associated with HIV Seropositivity in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Spatial patterns and associated factors of HIV Seropositivity among adults in Ethiopia from EDHS 2016: a spatial and multilevel analysis

Characteristics Frequency (%) No Positive (%) COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Total 25,774 (100) 239 (0.93)   M3
Individual-level
 Marital status
  Single 8119 (31.50) 24 (0.30) 1 1
  Living together 16,132 (62.59) 135 (0.84) 3.93 (2.3,6.73) 2.19 (1.11,4.31)**
  Separated 1523 (5.91) 80 (5.25) 48.55 (25.12,93.83) 6.45 (3.06,13.59)**
 Sex
  Male 12,479 (48.42) 74 (0.59) 1 1
  Female 13,295 (51.58) 165 (1.24) 2.46 (1.76,3.44) 1.8 (1.19,2.72)**
 Age at first sex
  No had sex 6776 (26.29) 12 (0.18) 1 1
   > 20 6932 (26.90) 54 (0.78) 8.95 (4.13,19.43) 1.32 (0.52,3.38)
  18—19 3614 (14.02) 51 (1.41) 18.51 (8.23,41.62) 2.67 (1.05,6.8)**
  16—17 3652 (14.17) 44 (1.20) 9.91 (4.39,22.38) 2.16 (0.83,5.63)
   < 15 4800 (18.62) 78 (1.63) 11.43 (6.38,18.38) 4.39 (1.70,11.34)**
 Working status
  Have work 10,293 (39.94) 78 (0.76) 1 1
  Haven’t work 15,481 (60.06) 161 (1.04) 1.41 (1.01,1.97) 1.11 (0.76,1.61)
 Age
  Younger 9536 (37.00) 19 (0.20) 1 1
  Middle 8055 (31.25) 81 (1.01) 8.1 (4.25,15.4) 6.53 (3.67,11.75)**
  Older 8183 (31.75) 138 (1.69) 16.8 (9.01,31.35) 14.5 (7.73,27.35)**
 Education level
  Uneducated 10,130 (39.30) 56 (0.55) 1 1
  Primary 10,547 (40.92) 114 (1.08) 1.9 (1.27,2.85) 3.03 (1.92,4.79)**
  Secondary 3310 (12.84) 50 (1.51) 3.37 (2.02,5.6) 3.37 (1.92,5.92)**
  Higher 1787 (6.93) 19 (1.06) 1.83 (0.92,3.66) 1 (0.5,2)
 Knowledge
  Have knowledge 9365 (39.98) 106 (1.13) 1 1
  Haven’t knowledge 14,061 (60.02) 121 (0.86) 0.76 (0.54, 1.05) 0.91 (0.66,1.27)
 Age at first mirage
   > 20 7737 (43.82) 88 (1.14) 1  
  18—19 2763 (15.65) 39 (1.41) 1.26 (0.76,2.22)  
  16—17 2850 (16.14) 30 (1.05) 0.95 (0.53,1.68)  
   < 15 4305 (24.38) 58 (1.35) 1.25 (0.78,2.01)  
 Circumcise
  No 1002 (8.05) 5 (0.50) 1  
  Yes 11,445 (91.95) 69 (0.60) 0.51 (0.15,1.83)  
Household-level  
 Media exposure
  High exposure 8199 (31.81) 145 (1.77) 1 1
  Low exposure 5675 (22.02) 40 (0.70) 0.37 (0.23,0.58) 0.53 (0.33,0.86)**
  No exposure 11,900 (46.17) 54 (0.45) 0.2 (0.13,0.3) 0.39 (0.23,0.65)**
 Residence
  Rural 20,368 (79.03) 86 (0.42) 1 1
  Urban 5406 (20.97) 153 (2.83) 17.68 (10.8,28.95) 6.83 (3.11,15)**
 Sex of household head
  Male 21,094 (81.84) 126 (0.60) 1 1
  Female 4680 (18.16) 113 (2.41) 6.2 (4.1,9.39) 2.24 (1.57,3.73)**
  Size of household 25,774 (100) 239 (0.93) 0.66 (0.6,0.73) 0.72 (0.65,0.8)**
 Wealth of household
  Poorest 4217 (16.36) 21 (0.50) 1 1
  Poorer 4691 (18.20) 11 (0.23) 0.55 (0.21,1.45) 0.45 (0.2,1.01)
  Middle 4945 (19.19) 17 (0.34) 0.64 (0.25,1.61) 0.55 (0.25,1.22)
  Richer 5292 (20.53) 34 (0.64) 1.38 (0.61,3.08) 0.8 (0.37,1.61)
  Richest 6629 (25.72) 156 (2.35) 11.7 (5.75,23.88) 0.55 (0.23,1.32)
  1. The odds ratios were adjusted for all other variables constant in the respective models. ** Significant at P-value < 0.05