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Table 3 Comparison between the levels of concern about Covid-19 and personal characteristics of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia

From: Perception and attitude of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia with regard to Covid-19 pandemic and potential associated predictors

Characteristics Low concern (score = 0–39) Moderate concern (score = 40–55) High concern (score = 56–96) Mean concern score
Total 213 (25.2) 396 (46.9) 235 (27.9) 48.5 ± 12.8
Gender
 Male 83 (25.5) 160 (49.1) 83 (25.5) 47.3 ± 12.2
 Female 130 (25.1) 236 (45.6) 152 (29.3) 49.2 ± 13.1
  χ2 = 1.62, df = 2, p = 0.44    t = 2.14, p = 0.33
Age (years)
  ≤ 30 19 (17.9) 47 (44.3) 40 (37.7) 50.4 ± 13.1
 30–45 117 (23.5) 231 (46.4) 150 (30.1) 49.7 ± 13.1
  > 45 77 (32.1) 118 (49.2) 45 (18.8) 45.2 ± 11.3
  χ2 = 19.52, ==0.001*    f = 11.60, p < 0.001*
Marital status
 Unmarried 61 (21.6) 129 (45.6) 93 (32.9) 49.5 ± 12.9
 Married 152 (27.1) 267 (47.6) 142 (25.3) 48.0 ± 12.7
  χ2 = 6.30, df = 2, p = 0.043*    t = 1.58, p = 0.11
Nationality
 Saudi 72 (21.2) 146 (42.9) 122 (35.9) 51.1 ± 13.7
 Non-Saudi 141 (28.0) 250 (49.6) 113 (22.4) 46.7 ± 11.8
  χ2 = 18.86, df = 2, p < 0.001*   t = 4.81, p < 0.001*
Level of education
 Diploma 38 (29.9) 54 (42.5) 35 (27.6) 48.0 ± 14.3
 BS 107 (21.1) 246 (48.5) 154 (30.4) 49.6 ± 12.4
 MSN/PHD 68 (32.4) 96 (45.7) 46 (21.9) 46.0 ± 12.4
  χ2 = 13.48, df = 4, p = 0.009*    f = 6.26, p = 0.002*
Job title
 Physician/Dentist/Pharmacist 59 (26.7) 105 (47.5) 57 (25.8) 46.9 ± 10.9
 Nurse 75 (22.1) 168 (49.4) 97 (28.5) 49.4 ± 12.3
 Technician 35 (33.0) 46 (43.4) 25 (23.6) 46.7 ± 12.6
 Administrative 44 (24.9) 77 (43.5) 56 (31.6) 49.9 ± 15.5
  χ2 = 14.54, df = 6, p < 0.001*    f = 3.18, p = 0.023*
Geographical region of employment
 Central 124 (28.4) 192 (44.0) 120 (27.5) 47.9 ± 13.5
 Eastern 50 (27.3) 88 (48.1) 45 (24.6) 47.8 ± 12.6
 Western 39 (17.3) 116 (51.6) 70 (31.1) 50.1 ± 11.2
  χ2 = 11.09, df = 4, p = 0.026*    f = 2.2.58, p = 0.076
Direct patient contact
 Yes 120 (24.0) 224 (44.8) 156 (31.2) 49.1 ± 12.5
 No 93 (27.0) 172 (50.0) 79 (23.0) 47.7 ± 13.2
  χ2 = 6.88, df = 2, p = 0.032*    t = 1.58, p = 0.11
Positive family member
 yes 11 (25.0) 21 (47.7) 12 (27.3) 49.4 ± 12.6
 No/Don’t know 202 (25.3) 375 (46.9) 223 (27.9) 48.4 ± 12.8
  χ2 = 0.013, df = 2, p = 0.99    t = 0.48, p = 0.63
Living condition
 Alone 59 (36.4) 70 (43.2) 33 (20.4) 45.1 ± 12.8
 With others 154 (22.6) 326 (47.8) 202 (29.6) 49.3 ± 12.7
  χ2 = 14.54, df = 2, p = 0.001*    t = 3.84, p < 0.001*
  1. χ2 Pearson Chi squared test, f Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, *--Statistically significant difference, df degree of freedom