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Table 1 Result of multilevel ordinal logistic regression on HIV knowledge among youths in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016

From: HIV knowledge and associated factors among young Ethiopians: application of multilevel order logistic regression using the 2016 EDHS

Predictors Odds Ratio Robust Std. Err. z P > z [95% Conf. Int.]
Residence
 Urban (Ref.)
 Rural 0.7195 0.0675 −3.5100 0.0000 0.5987 0.8647
Educational
 No Education (Ref.)
 Primary 2.1839 0.1865 9.1500 0.0000 1.8474 2.5817
 Secondary 3.3879 0.3827 10.8000 0.0000 2.7150 4.2274
 Higher 3.8515 0.5410 9.6000 0.0000 2.9245 5.0722
Owns mobile
 No (Ref.)
 Yes 1.2757 0.0576 5.3900 0.0000 1.1676 1.3938
HIV test
 No (Ref.)
 Yes 1.5186 0.1142 5.5500 0.0000 1.3105 1.7599
Freq. of listening radio
 Not at all (Ref.)
 < 1 a week 1.2421 0.0581 4.6400 0.0000 1.1333 1.3612
 > = a week 1.2760 0.1159 2.6800 0.0070 1.0679 1.5247
Freq. of watching TV
 Not at all (Ref.)
 < 1 a week 1.1958 0.0832 2.5700 0.0100 1.0433 1.3706
 > = a week 1.4241 0.1206 4.1800 0.0000 1.2064 1.6813
Health insurance
 No (Ref.)
 Yes 1.4485 0.1317 4.0700 0.0000 1.2120 1.7311
Respondent’s sex
 Female (Ref.)
 Male 1.8500 0.1050 10.8400 0.0000 1.6553 2.0675
Religion
 Orthodox (Ref.)
 Protestant 0.7143 0.0922 −2.6100 0.0090 0.5547 0.9198
 Muslim 0.7454 0.0998 −2.1900 0.0280 0.5734 0.9691
 Other 0.6670 0.1166 −2.3200 0.0210 0.4735 0.9396
Marital Status
 Never in a union (Ref.)
 Married 0.7918 0.0493 −3.7500 0.0000 0.7009 0.8945
 Other 0.9572 0.1094 −0.3800 0.7020 0.7652 1.1975
/cut1a −0.2286 0.1383 −1.6500 0.0980 −0.4996 0.0424
/cut2 2.4053 0.1398 17.2100 0.0000 2.1314 2.6792
Region
 var.(_cons) 0.1659 0.1035    0.0488 0.5637
  1. a_cut1 – This is the estimated cut point on the latent variable used to differentiate low level of knowledge of HIV from moderate and comprehensive level of knowledge of HIV when values of the predictor variables are evaluated at zero.
  2. _cut2 – This is the estimated cut point on the latent variable used to differentiate low and moderate level of knowledge of HIV from comprehensive level of knowledge of HIV when values of the predictor variables are evaluated at zero.