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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of pregnant and non-pregnant women diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis

From: Tuberculosis clinical presentation and treatment outcomes in pregnancy: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic N Pregnant Non-pregnant p-value
Age (Median (IQR)) 1334 24.5 (21–30.5) 25 (20–32) 0.94a
Marital status 1325    0.01
 Married   24 (66.7) 504 (39.1)  
 Divorced/separated   0 (0.0) 47 (3.7)  
 Single   11 (30.6) 734 (56.9)  
 Widowed   1 (2.8) 4 (0.3)  
Student 1325 2 (5.6) 200 (15.5) 0.10
Education 1332    0.67
 Less than HS   24 (66.7) 819 (63.2)  
 HS or greater   12 (33.3) 477 (36.8)  
HIV positive 1321 1 (2.9) 28 (2.1) 0.54b
Cardiac disease 1330 3 (8.3) 27 (2.1) 0.04b
High blood pressure 1326 2 (5.7) 45 (3.5) 0.35b
Asthma 1330 4 (11.4) 120 (9.3) 0.56b
Kidney disease 1328 1 (2.9) 46 (3.6) 1.00b
Diabetes 1318 0 (0.0) 14 (1.1) 1.00b
History of TB 1331 6 (16.7) 155 (12.0) 0.43b
Microbiologically confirmed TB 1334 34 (94.4) 1179 (90.8) 0.77b
Treatment delay 1320 22 (14.0–48.5) 24 (13.0–41.5) 0.53a
Cavity on CXR 1304 5 (15.6) 348 (27.4) 0.14
Symptoms
 Cough 1334 34 (94.4) 1102 (84.9) 0.11
 Cough with blood 1332 12 (33.3) 318 (24.5) 0.23
 Cough with phlegm 1332 32 (88.9) 978 (75.5) 0.06
 Fever 1332 8 (22.2) 379 (29.2) 0.36
 Lost weight 1316 22 (61.1) 966 (75.5) 0.05
 Difficulty breathing 1332 24 (66.7) 707 (54.6) 0.15
 Night sweats 1330 20 (55.6) 658 (50.9) 0.58
Resistance pattern 1004    0.53
 Pan-susceptible   20 (71.4) 616 (63.1)  
 Mono-resistant   4 (14.3) 154 (15.8)  
 Poly-resistant   0 (0.0) 66 (6.8)  
 Multi-drug resistant +/−   4 (14.3) 140 (14.3)  
  1. a Kruskal-Wallis; b Fisher’s Exact