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Table 4 Multivariable associations of acute Q fever outcome with potential predictors in adult respondents with complete questionnaire response tested during wave 1, n = 334 (Q fever positive n = 140, Q fever negative n = 194)

From: Signs and symptoms do not predict, but may help rule out acute Q fever in favour of other respiratory tract infections, and reduce antibiotics overuse in primary care

  B S.E. P OR 95%CI
Sex 0.56 0.32 0.083 1.75 0.93 3.30
Age 20–39 vs. 40–59 0.82 0.33 0.012 2.26 1.20 4.27
Fever 1.56 0.41 <0.001 4.77 2.15 10.59
Pneumonia 1.25 0.41 0.002 3.47 1.57 7.69
Confusion 1.14 0.56 0.04 3.12 1.04 9.32
Abdominal pain −0.75 0.38 0.05 0.47 0.22 1.00
Cough −0.62 0.35 0.08 0.54 0.27 1.07
Earache −0.99 0.47 0.04 0.37 0.15 0.93
Constant −1.80 0.46 <0.001 n.a.