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Table 1 Summary of study instruments

From: HIV knowledge and stigma among dietetic students in Indonesia: implications for the nutrition education system


Definition and constructs

Internal consistency


Age, gender, years of study, ethnic and family background, religion, and marital status

Interaction with PLHIV

Ever known of someone who has HIV, ever participated in HIV courses or classroom discussion, ever participated in HIV training, and awareness of HIV-related guidelines or protocols

Access to information and media

The estimated time spent on media and social media (TV, radio, internet, newspaper/magazines, Facebook, and Twitter).


Asian Value Scales

Adherence to Asian culture; conformity to norms, family recognition through achievement, emotional self-control, collectivism, humility, and filial piety.

Cronbach’s alpha = 0.898

Beliefs and Values Scales

Assessing the level of religiosity and spirituality among study participants

Cronbach’s alpha = 0.859

HIV-comprehensive knowledge

Basic knowledge of HIV and AIDS; modes of transmission, prevention method, treatment, and human rights.

Kuder-Richardson (KR)-20 = 0.762

HIV-nutrition specific knowledge

Nutrition care process (NCP) for HIV patients; nutrition assessment, diagnosis, intervention, monitoring and evaluation, counseling, as well as infant and young child feeding practices


Attitudes towards PLHIV measured through agreements with sixteen statements, which include willingness to treat PLHIV (8 items), personal responsibility or blame (1 item), perceived dangerousness and fear (4 items), controllability (1 item), and respect patients’ rights (2 items)

Cronbach’s alpha = 0.763