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Table 1 Test results and drug intake; n (%)

From: Management of urinary tract infections: what do doctors recommend and patients do? An observational study in German primary care

Test results Taking antibioticsa Allb P***
Yes No
Leucocytes        0.17
 Positive 67 (62.0) 41 (38.0) 108 (91.5)  
 Negative 4 (40.0) 6 (60.0) 10 (8.5)  
Erythrocytes        0.25
 Positive 64 (62.1) 39 (37.9) 103 (87.3)  
 Negative 7 (46.7) 8 (53.3) 15 (12.7)  
Nitrites        0.34
 Positive 18 (69.2) 8 (30.8) 26 (23.4)  
 Negative 50 (58.8) 35 (41.2) 85 (76.6)  
Urine culturec        0.49
 Positive 60 (62.5) 36 (37.5) 96 (81.4)  
 Negative 12 (54.6) 10 (45.4) 22 (18.6)  
  1. aAccording to patient reports
  2. bPercentages in this column comparing positive vs negative results
  3. cBacterial count > 102 cfu/mL
  4. ***Chi2-test for the association between test results and the women’s decision whether or not to take antibiotics