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Table 2 Fixed-effects coefficients and standard error of the mixed-effects model outputs based on the 1 km × 1 km and 5 km × 5 km resolution, respectively. The presented results are post-completion of the backward elimination of nonsignificant fixed effects. Variables without coefficients listed in the table were eliminated during the backwards elimination procedure for each model (each column). Variable descriptions are listed in Table 1

From: Modeling the relative role of human mobility, land-use and climate factors on dengue outbreak emergence in Sri Lanka

  1 km × 1 km 5 km × 5 km
  u = 1 u = 2 Exclude V u = 1 u = 2 Exclude V
BuiltUp 0.047*** 0.055*** 0.053*** 0.037** 0.034* 0.050**
  (0.014) (0.014) (0.014) (0.014) (0.014) (0.016)
Sea       0.029*
       (0.013)
StWtr     0.026* 0.032** 0.032**
     (0.011) (0.011) (0.011)
\( T{\min}_{t,{d}_{T\min }} \) 0.027*** 0.026*** 0.026*** 0.024* 0.023* 0.021*
  (0.0073) (0.0075) (0.0074) (0.0097) (0.010) (0.0098)
\( {V}_{t-1}^i \) 0.070***    0.113***   
  (0.0086)    (0.013)   
\( {V}_{t-2}^i \)      0.040**  
      (0.013)  
\( {N}_{t-1}^i \) 0.191*** 0.196*** 0.195*** 0.331*** 0.350*** 0.0359***
  (0.0083) (0.0084) (0.0083) (0.017) (0.017) (0.016)
\( {N}_{t-2}^i \) 0.214*** 0.217*** 0.217*** 0.368*** 0.398*** 0.403***
  (0.0082) (0.0084) (0.0082) (0.017) (0.017) (0.016)
R2 0.265 0.265 0.262 0.733 0.728 0.727
Adj. R2 0.265 0.264 0.262 0.733 0.728 0.727
No. obs 13,532 13,035 13,532 2856 2772 2856
  1. Standard errors are reported in parentheses.
  2. t is in weeks, dTmin = 10 days, and all variables are normalized.
  3. *, **, *** indicates significance at the 95, 99, and 99.9% level, respectively