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Table 4 Multiple logistic regression of background characteristics and clinical signs with odds for treatment of early neonatal sepsis according to World Health Organisation guidelines

From: Adherence to World Health Organisation guidelines for treatment of early onset neonatal sepsis in low-income settings; a cohort study in Nepal

Variable Adjusted odds ratioa (95% CI) p-value
Large hospital (small and medium as reference) 5.60 (3.75—8.36) < 0.01
Disadvantaged caste (Dalit and Muslim) 2.15 (1.40—3.29) < 0.01
Inborn (infant not referred from other facility) 1.97 (1.33—2.93) < 0.01
Lethargy (decreased level of consciousness) 3.22 (1.93—5.38) < 0.01
Tachypnoea (> 60 breaths per minute) 1.96 (1.21—3.17) < 0.01
Grunting 1.24 (0.53—2.91) 0.63
Fever (temperature over 38 degrees Celsius) 0.70 (0.48—1.04) 0.08
  1. aAdjusted for time trend and Nepal Perinatal Quality Improvement Project