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Table 2 Substance use practices among participants (n = 3439)

From: Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV prevalence and related sexual and substance use risk practices among key populations who access HIV prevention, treatment and related services in South Africa: findings from a seven-city cross-sectional survey (2017)

  SWs (n = 1528) MSM (n = 746) PWUD/ID (n = 1165) TOTAL
CT PE Mthatha DBN PMB CT JHB PTA CT DBN PTA  
N 384 248 248 399 249 250 250 246 367 398 400 3439
Substances used in last month
Any substancea 296 (77%) 216 (87%) 194 (78%) 305 (76%) 160 (64%) 176 (70%) 199 (80%) 119 (48%) 361 (98%) 396 (99%) 396 (99%) 2818 (82%)
Alcohol 217 (56%) 205 (83%) 194 (78%) 295 (74%) 148 (59%) 152 (61%) 192 (77%) 102 (42%) 29 (8%) 19 (5%) 15 (4%) 1568 (46%)
Heroinb 32 (8%) 1 (< 1%) 0 0 12 (5%) 17 (7%) 3 (1%) 1 (< 1%) 300 (82%) 394 (99%) 378 (95%) 1138 (33%)
Methamphetamine 107 (28%) 17 (7%) 0 2 (1%) 1 (< 1%) 27 (11%) 11 (4%) 6 (2%) 293 (80%) 8 (2%) 14 (4%) 486 (14%)
Cannabis 55 (14%) 14 (6%) 0 32 (8%) 9 (4%) 39 (16%) 43 (17%) 31 (13%) 45 (12%) 44 (11%) 121 (30%) 433 (13%)
Cocaine 12 (3%) 0 0 31 (8%) 4 (2%) 11 (4%) 4 (2%) 2 (1%) 9 (2%) 13 (3%) 118 (30%) 204 (6%)
Methcathinone 4 (1%) 2 (1%) 0 20 (5%) 0 8 (3%) 11 (4%) 10 (4%) 1 (< 1%) 1 (< 1%) 11 (3%) 68 (2%)
Injected a drug in the last 12 months 0 0 0 0 0 24 (10%) 9 (4%) 8 (3%) 292 (80%) 315 (79%) 313 (79%) 961 (28%)
Injected a drug in last month 0 0 0 0 0 22 (9%) 8 (3%) 8 (3%) 290 (79%) 313 (79%) 311 (78%) 952 (28%)
Currently on OST for ≥ 30 days 0 0 0 0 0 7 (3%) 1 (< 1%) 1 (< 1%) 12 (3%) 16 (4%) 21 (5%) 58 (2%)
  1. aRefers to any of the substances listed in this table
  2. bHeroin is known locally as nyaope and whoonga
  3. CT Cape Town, DBN Durban, JHB Johannesburg, PE Port Elizabeth, PMB Pietermaritzburg, PTA Pretoria