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Table 1 Participants’ socio-demographic characteristics (n = 3439)

From: Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV prevalence and related sexual and substance use risk practices among key populations who access HIV prevention, treatment and related services in South Africa: findings from a seven-city cross-sectional survey (2017)

  SWs (n = 1528) MSM (n = 746) PWUD/ID (n = 1165) TOTAL
CT PE Mthatha DBN PMB CT JHB PTA CT DBN PTA  
N 384 248 248 399 249 250 250 246 367 398 400 3439
Age
 Median (IQR) 31 (26–37) 28 (24–35) 26 (23–30) 30 (25–35) 27 (24–31) 31 (26–39) 29 (24–34) 29 (24–37) 31 (28–35) 27 (25–31) 30 (26–34) 29 (25–35)
 < 25 years 80 (21%) 78 (31%) 104 (42%) 90 (23%) 78 (31%) 49 (20%) 68 (27%) 65 (26%) 28 (8%) 96 (24%) 71 (18%) 807 (23%)
 ≥ 25 year 304 (79%) 170 (69%) 144 (58%) 309 (77%) 171 (69%) 201 (80%) 182 (73%) 181 (74%) 339 (92%) 302 (76%) 329 (82%) 2632 (77%)
Sex
Female 337 (88%) 247 (> 99%) 248 (100%) 397 (> 99%) 246 (99%) 0 0 0 69 (19%) 42 (11%) 55 (14%) 1641 (48%)
Male 47 (12%) 1 (< 1%) 0 2 (< 1%) 3 (1%) 250 (100%) 250 (100%) 246 (100%) 298 (81%) 356 (89%) 345 (86%) 1798 (52%)
Racea
Black 106 (28%) 182 (73%) 247 (99%) 369 (92%) 249 (100%) 102 (41%) 197 (79%) 118 (48%) 15 (4%) 218 (55%) 275 (69%) 2078 (60%)
Coloured 247 (64%) 49 (20%) 0 12 (3%) 0 47 (19%) 9 (4%) 9 (4%) 274 (75%) 45 (11%) 13 (3%) 705 (21%)
White 18 (5%) 17 (7%) 0 5 (1%) 0 92 (37%) 37 (15%) 109 (44%) 71 (19%) 96 (24%) 109 (27%) 554 (16%)
Indian/ Asian 1 (< 1%) 9 0 10 (3%) 0 4 (2%) 2 (1%) 4 (2%) 1 (< 1%) 39 (10%) 1 (< 1%) 62 (2%)
Other 12 (3%) 0 1 (< 1%) 3 (1%) 0 5 (2%) 5 (2%) 6 (2%) 6 (2%) 0 2 (1%) 40 (1%)
Homeless 66 (17%) 1 (< 1%) 0 0 0 14 (6%) 1 (< 1%) 3 (1%) 201 (55%) 278 (70%) 262 (66%) 826 (24%)
General populationb 3,740,026 1,152,115 451,710 3,442,361 618,536 3,740,026 4,434,827 2,921,488 3,740,026 3,442,361 2,921,488  
  1. aBased on race categories used by Statistics South Africa. Coloured is a South African term which refers to people of mixed ancestry. The national distribution of race is: Black 80,9%, Coloured 8,8%, White 7,8%, Indian/ Asian 2,5% [43]
  2. bPopulation of municipality based on most recent census (2011)
  3. CT Cape Town, DBN Durban, JHB Johannesburg, PE Port Elizabeth, PMB Pietermaritzburg, PTA Pretoria