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Table 3 Predictive factors of recurrent bacteraemia in hospitalised people who inject drugs

From: Prevalence and recurrence of bacteraemia in hospitalised people who inject drugs – a single Centre retrospective cohort study in Denmark

Predictors Total n = 58 (%) Bacteraemia with recurrence n = 29 (%) Non-recurrent bacteraemia n = 29 (%) ORA (95% CIB) P value
Age (years) 40 (35–45) 39 (31–43) 40 (37–47) 0.93 (0.86–1.01) 0.10
HBV (acute or chronic) 4 (6.9) 1 (3.4) 3 (10.3) 0.31 (0.03–3.17) 0.61
HCV (acute or chronic) 17 (29.3) 6 (20.7) 11 (37.9) 0.43 (0.13–1.38) 0.25
HIV positive 24 (41.4) 12 (41.4) 12 (41.4) 0.87 (0.31–2.43) 1.00
Psychiatric comorbidity 5 (8.6) 1 (3.4) 4 (13.8) 0.22 (0.02–2.13) 0.35
Opioid substitution treatment 52 (89.7) 28 (96.6) 24 (82.8) 5.88 (0.64–50.00) 0.19
Homeless 14 (24.1) 5 (17.2) 9 (31.0) 2.16 (0.62–7.49) 0.36
Contact to an addiction treatment center 40 (69.0) 21 (72.4) 19 (65.5) 1.39 (0.45–4.17) 0.78
Treatment completed 17 (29.3) 11 (37.9) 6 (20.7) 2.48 (0.77–8.04) 0.16
  1. AOdds Ratio (OR); BConfidential Interval (CI)
  2. If not stated otherwise, results are presented as n (%)
  3. Abbreviations: PWID people who inject drugs, HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HBV hepatitis B, HCV hepatitis C