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Table 2 Predictive factors of bacteraemia in hospitalised people who inject drugs

From: Prevalence and recurrence of bacteraemia in hospitalised people who inject drugs – a single Centre retrospective cohort study in Denmark

Predictors Total n = 257 (%) Bacteraemia n = 58 (%) Non-bacteraemia n = 199 (%) Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis P < 0.3
ORA (95% CIB) P value Adjusted ORA (95% CIB) P value
Age (years) 39 (34–45) 40 (34–45) 39 (33–44) 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.27 3.46 (1.30–9.23) 0.21
HBV (acute or chronic) 11 (4.3) 4 (6.9) 7 (3.5) 2.03 (0.57–7.20) 0.27 1.42 (0.34–5.95) 0.63
HCV (acute or chronic) 103 (40.1) 17 (29.3) 85 (42.7) 0.56 (0.30–1.05) 0.07 0.57 (0.30–1.08) 0.08
HIV positive 127 (49.4) 25 (43.1) 102 (51.3) 0.72 (0.40–1.30) 0.30 0.72 (0.39–1.32) 0.29
Psychiatric comorbidity 53 (20.6) 5 (8.6) 48 (24.1) 0.30 (0.11–0.76) 0.01 0.29 (0.11–0.77) 0.01
Opioid substitution treatment 210 (81.7) 52 (89.7) 158 (79.4) 2.25 (0.90–5.60) 0.84   
Homeless 74 (28.8) 14 (24.1) 60 (30.2) 0.74 (0.38–1.45) 0.41   
Contact to an addiction treatment center 169 (65.8) 40 (69.0) 129 (64.8) 1.21 (0.64–2.26) 0.64   
  1. AOdds Ratio (OR); BConfidential Interval (CI). P < 0.05 in bold
  2. If not stated otherwise, results are presented as n (%)
  3. Abbreviations: PWID people who inject drugs, HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HBV hepatitis B, HCV hepatitis C