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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of 12 maternal listeriosis cases

From: Perinatal listeriosis patients treated at a maternity hospital in Beijing, China, from 2013–2018

No Gestation (wk) Obstetrical manifestations Culture sites Initial antibiotic Switched antibiotic Maternal complications and outcomes
Maternal blood Placental tissue Cervical secretion Others
1 31.3 decreased fetal movement 3d; fetal distress; Tmax:39.3 °C (−) (+) / / metronidazole + amoxicillin 4d No premature delivery; C-section; severe meconium staining of amniotic fluid; recovered
2 24.4 decreased fetal movement 3d; lower abdominal pain; twin pregnancy; PROM; Tmax:38.5 °C (−) (+) (+) / cefuroxime 3d No stillbirth; recovered
3 20.0 abdominal pain; fetal movement disappear 3d; chill; Tmax:38.7 °C (−) (+) (−) hydrothorax, ascite, amniotic fluid (+) amoxicillin 3d No inevitable miscarriage; induced labor; recovered
4 34.3 decreased fetal movement 1d; uterine contraction; fetal distress; headache; Tmax:38.8 °C (−) (+) (−) / cefmetazole 1d moxifloxacin 6d premature delivery; severe meconium staining of amniotic fluid; recovered
5 26.0 lower abdominal pain 17 h; PROM; fetal distress; septicemia; Tmax:39 °C (+) (+) (−) / cefuroxime 3d metronidazole 3d stillbirth; induced labor; recovered
6 36.1 decreased fetal movement 2d; fetal distress; polyhydramnios; Tmax:38 °C (−) (+) / / cefuroxime 3d No premature delivery; C-section; severe meconium staining of amniotic fluid; recovered
7 38.1 fetal distress; Tmax:39.2 °C (−) (+) / / metronidazole + ceftriaxone 4d No normal labor; postpartum hemorrhage; C-section; severe meconium staining of amniotic fluid; recovered
8 21.7 fever15d; intrauterine fetal death1d; lower abdominal pain; headache; Tmax:39.1 °C (−) (+) (−) / cefuroxime 8d + cefdinir 5d moxifloxacin 6d inevitable miscarriage; induced labor; recovered
9 35.6 fetal distress; threatened prematurity; twin pregnancy; septicemia; Tmax:38.4 °C (+) (−) / / ceftriaxone 5d No premature delivery; postpartum hemorrhage; recovered
10 24.9 fever7d; fetal distress; abdominal pain; septicemia; Tmax:39.3 °C (+) (+) (−) / ceftriaxone 7d PNG 4d stillbirth; recovered
11 35.4 fetal distress; decreased fetal movement 1d; afebrile (−) (+) / / cefuroxime 3d No premature delivery; recovered
12 27.3 fever 2w; prematurity; vaginal bleeding; uterine contraction; septicemia; Tmax:39 °C (+) (+) (−) / clindamycin + ceftriaxone 2d azithromycin + PNG 7d premature delivery; postpartum hemorrhage; C-section; mild meconium staining of amniotic fluid; recovered
  1. Abbreviations: Tmax maximal temperature, PROM premature rupture of the membranes, C-section cesarean section, PNG penicillin-G