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Table 1 Population Demographics and Selected Characteristics by Comorbidity Index

From: Gaps in the care cascade for screening and treatment of refugees with tuberculosis infection in Middle Tennessee: a retrospective cohort study

Demographic Elixhauser Score = 0
(No Comorbidity)
Elixhauser Score ≥ 1
(Any Comorbodity)
Sex
 Male, [n,%] 478 (60) 238 (58)
Age
 Years [median, IQR] 28 (21–36) 39 (30–51)
Distance to TB clinic
 Miles [median, IQR] 8.3 (7.7–9.3) 8.4 (7.9–9.3)
Time to Screening Appointment
 Days [median, IQR] 27 (19–34) 26 (19–34)
Region of Origin
Northern Africa, [n,%] 29 (4) 16 (4)
Sub-Saharan Africa, [n,%] 264 (33) 128 (31)
Central Asia, [n,%] 1 (< 1) 0 (0)
South-Eastern Asia, [n,%] 225 (28) 99 (24)
Southern Asia, [n,%] 223 (28) 98 (24)
Western Asia, [n,%] 52 (7) 65 (16)
Latin America & Caribbean, [n,%] 3 (< 1) 5 (1)
Region of Routing
Northern Africa, [n,%] 25 (3) 12 (3)
Sub-Saharan Africa, [n,%] 194 (24) 96 (23)
Central Asia, [n,%] 1 (< 1) 0 (0)
Eastern Asia, [n,%] 2 (< 1) 0 (0)
South-Eastern Asia, [n,%] 192 (24) 90 (22)
Southern Asia, [n,%] 202 (25) 85 (21)
Western Asia, [n,%] 56 (7) 63 (15)
Latin America & Caribbean, [n,%] 2 (< 1) 5 (1)
Eastern Europe, [n,%] 0 (0) 1 (< 1)
Northern Europe, [n,%] 1 (< 1) 0(0)
Southern Europe, [n,%] 21 (3) 6(2)
Year of Arrival
 2012, [n,%] 250 (31) 102 (25)
 2013, [n,%] 141 (18) 77 (19)
 2014, [n,%] 137 (17) 80 (19)
 2015, [n,%] 134 (17) 69 (17)
 2016, [n,%] 135 (17) 83 (21)
Screening Test
 Tuberculin Skin Test, [n,%] 191 (24) 90 (22)
 Interferon Gamma Release Assay, [n,%] 606 (76) 321 (78)
Smoking History
 Yes, [n,%] 37 (5) 40 (10)
Flu Shot Received
 Yes, [n,%] 450 (57) 201 (49)
Family Size at Time of Entry
 Single, [n,%] 369 (46) 177 (43)
 Family of 2–3, [n,%] 165 (21) 115 (28)
 Family of > 3, [n,%] 263 (33) 119 (29)
Primary Language
 English, [n,%] 3 (< 1) 3 (< 1)
 Nepali, [n,%] 201 (25) 85 (21)
 Somali, [n,%] 162 (20) 64 (16)
 Arabic, [n,%] 64 (8) 59 (14)
 Burmese, [n,%] 78 (10) 28 (7)
 Swahili, [n,%] 53 (7) 25 (6)
 Other, [n,%] 236 (30) 147 (36)
Pregnant
 Yes, [n,%] 17 (5) 8 (5)
Total N = 797 N = 411
  1. IQR Interquartile Range