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Table 3 Antibiotic frequencies, appropriateness and compliance

From: The effectiveness of a simple antimicrobial stewardship intervention in general practice in Australia: a pilot study

  (A)
Number of prescriptions
(B)
Appropriateness of prescriptiona
([B/A (assessable prescriptions)]%)
(C)
Guideline compliancea
([C/A (assessable prescriptions)]%)
Antimicrobial PRE n(%) POST n(%) p value PRE n(%) POST n(%) p value PRE n(%) POST n(%) p value
Amoxicillin 73 (18.5) 71 (19.0) 0.859 63 (86.3) 68 (98.5) 0.007 40 (56.3) 46 (76.6) 0.015
Doxycycline 71 (18.0) 66 (17.7) 0.942 62 (87.3) 63 (98.4) 0.014 40 (57.1) 52 (83.9) 0.001
Cefalexin 49 (12.4) 57 (15.3) 0.244 29 (59.2) 53 (98.1) < 0.001 16 (34.0) 16 (31.4) 0.784
Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 35 (8.9) 49 (13.1) 0.062 24 (68.6) 34 (72.3) 0.716 12 (36.4) 15 (35.7) 0.949
Trimethoprim 30 (7.6) 26 (7.0) 0.709 28 (93.3) 26 (100) 0.179 9 (31.0) 14 (60.9) 0.031
Roxithromycin 21 (5.3) 4 (1.1) 0.001 9 (42.9) 2 (50.0) 0.793 0 (0.0) 1 (33.3) 0.007
Erythromycin 15 (3.8) 7 (1.9) 0.115 9 (60.0) 5 (71.4) 0.605 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 0.004
Phenoxymethylpenicillin 14 (3.5) 8 (2.1) 0.241 13 (92.7) 6 (75.0) 0.246 11 (84.6) 2 (33.3) 0.025
Metronidazole 13 (3.3) 27 (7.2) 0.015 6 (46.2) 26 (96.3) 0.001 1 (9.1) 6 (18.7) 0.509
Cefaclor 12 (3.0) 6 (1.6) 0.198 2 (16.7) 3 (60.0) 0.074 1 (8.3) 0 (0.0) 0.468
Flucloxacillin 12 (3.0) 10 (2.7) 0.803 11 (91.7) 10 (100.0) 0.351 8 (72.7) 7 (70.0) 0.891
Azithromycin 11 (2.8) 4 (1.1) 0.091 4 (36.4) 4 (100.0) 0.029 3 (27.3) 2 (50.0) 0.410
  1. Other (39 prescriptions, 38 prescriptions): norfloxacin, tinidazole, nitrofurantoin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, cefuroxime, fluconazole, ivermectin, minocycline, methenamine hippurate, clarithromycin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, dicloxacillin
  2. aSome missing data ranging from 1 to 15 prescriptions. Percentages calculated based on assessable prescriptions
  3. p value for comparison of proportions between cohorts