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Table 4 Bivariate logistic regression for socio-behavioral, environmental and clinical factors associated with TB infection among HIV positive adults at east and west Gojjam, Northwest, Ethiopia 2017

From: Predictors of tuberculosis infection among adults visiting anti-retroviral treatment center at east and west Gojjam, northwest, Ethiopia, 2017

Variables Cases n(%)
n = 139
Controls n (%)
n = 413
COR(95%CI) P-value
Sex
 Male 73(52.5) 178(43) 1.46(0.99,2.147) 0.054
 Female 66(47.5) 235(57) 1
Age in years
 15–34 72(51.8) 224(54.2) .907(0.617,1.332) 0.618
 ≥35 67(48.2) 189(45.8) 1
Residence
 Urban 63(45.3) 164(40) 1.25(0.854,1.855) 0.245
 Rural 76(54.7) 249(60) 1
Marital status
 Single 28(20.14) 68(16.5) 1.7(1.017,2.958) 0.043*
 Married 52(37.41) 219(53) 0.96(0.527,1.766) 0.908
 Divorced 32(23.02) 51(18.2) 0.78(0.410,1.477) 0.442
 Widowed 27(19.43) 84(12.3) 1  
Level Education
 No education 46(33.1) 117(28.3) 0.92(0.567,1.483) 0.725
 Primary 48((34.5) 112(27.1) 1.51(0.872,2.621) 0.141
 Secondary 26(18.7) 100(24.2) 1.74(0.951,3.178) 0.073
 Above 12 19(13.7) 84(20.4) 1  
Occupation
 Employed 18(12.95) 56(13.6) 0.98(0.459,2.108) 0.965
 Unemployed 17(12.23) 52(12.6) 0.95(0.535,1.693) 0.867
 Others 104(74.82) 305(73.8) 1  
Monthly income
 < 650 62(44.6) 122(29.5) 1.92(1.210,2.853 0.001*
 ≥650 77(55.4) 291(70.5) 1
Chat chewing
 Yes 31(22.3) 48(11.6) 2.18(1.324,3.599) 0.002*
 No 108(77.7) 365(88.4) 1
Smoking
 Yes 16(11.5) 31(7.5) 1.6(0.848,3.030) 0.146
 No 123(88.5) 382(92.5) 1
Drinking alcohol
 Yes 49(35.3) 71(17.2) 2.6(1.703,4.039 0.0001*
 No 90(64.7) 342(82.8) 1
TB history past
 Yes 17(12.2) 58(14) 0.85(0.617,1.332) 0.618
 No 122(87.8) 355(86) 1
Asthma
 Yes 24(17.3) 40(9.7) 1.94(1.126,3.365) 0.017*
 No 115(82.7) 373(90.3) 1
Diabetic mellitus
 Yes 30(21.6) 60(14.5) 1.62(0.994,2.638) 0.053
 No 109(78.4) 353(85.5) 1
TB history in the family
 Yes 33(23.7) 41(9.9) 2.83(1.702,4.688) 0.0001*
 No 106(76.3) 372(90.1) 1
CD4 count
 ≤ 200cells/μl 62(44.6) 64(15.5) 2.55(1.615,4.016) 0.0001*
 201-49cells/μl 62(44.6) 163(39.5) 12(6.388,22.588) 0.0001*
 ≥ 500 cells/μl 15(10.8) 186(45) 1  
Hemoglobin
 < 10 mg/dl 70(50.4) 80(19.4) 2.17(1.33,3.526) 0.002*
 10–11.99 mg/dl 40(28.8) 99(24) 7.06(4.275,11.66) 0.0001*
 ≥12 mg/dl 29(20.8) 234(56.6) 1  
BMI
 < 18.5 m2/kg 103(74) 125(30.3) 6.59(4.272,10.17) 0.0001*
 ≥18.5 m2/kg 36(26) 288(69.7) 1
Functional Status
 Bedridden 71(51.1) 36(8.7) 5.5(3.126,9.672) 0.0001*
 Ambulatory 33(23.7) 92(22.3) 16.1(9.425,27.365) 0.0001*
 Working 35(25.2) 285(69) 1
CPT prophlaxysis
 Yes 82(60) 328(79.4) 0.372(0.247,0.564) 0.0001*
 No 57((40) 85(20.6) 1
IPT prophlaxyis
 Yes 42(30.2) 148(35.8) 0.772(0.512,1.173) 0.228
 No 97(69.8) 265(64.2) 1
WHO Staging
 Stage IorII 38(27.3) 273(66.10) 0.193(0.126,0.295) 0.0001*
 Stage IIIorIV 101(72.7) 140(33.9) 1
Type of floor
 Mud/soil 87(62.6) 300(72.6) 0.63(0.420,0.946) 0.026*
 Cement 52(37.4) 113(27.4) 1
No of window In the house
 0 24(17.3) 61(14.8) 0.87(0.494,1.533) 0.629
 1 57(41) 126(30.5) 1.53(0.881,2.666) 0.130
 ≥2 58(41.7) 226(54.7) 1  
Family size
 ≤2 41(29.5) 106(25.7) 1.20(0.758,1.888) 0.442
 3–4 65(46.8) 201(48.7) 1.24(0.730,2.114) 0.424
 ≥5 33(23.7) 106(25.6) 1  
Separate kitchen
 Yes 91(65.5) 267(64.6) 1.04(0.692,1.552) 0.863
 No 48(34.5) 146(35.4) 1
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, CPT Cotrimoxazole preventive therapy, IPT Isoniazid preventive therapy
  2. *indicates that the variable entered into multiple logistic regressions or shows significant variation, value of n (%)