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Table 4 Univariate and Multivariate analysis of factors associated with fecal carriage of ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae

From: High fecal carriage of extended Beta Lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae among adult patients admitted in referral hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Characteristics N = 129 n (%)
=117
Proportion of ESBL carriage
    Univariate Multivariate
    cOR (95%) p value aOR (95%) p value
Gender    1a    
 Male 48 43 (89.6)     
 Female 81 74 (91.4) 1.23 (0.37–4.11) 0.74   
Age group in years
  116 105 (90.5) 1a    
  13 12 (92.3) 1.26 (0.15–10.60) 0.83   
Antibiotic use in the past 3 months  
 No 16 10 (62.5) 1a    
 Yes 113 107 (94.7) 10.7 (2.90–39.42) 0.00 14.65 (3.07–69.88) 0.01
Hospitalization in the past 3 months
 No 87 78 (89.7) 1a    
 Yes 42 39 (92.9) 1.50 (0.38–5.86) 0.56   
Invasive procedures in the past 3 months
 No 95 87 (88.4) 1a    
 Surgery 13 12 (92.3) 1.26 (0.15–10.61) 0.83   
 Catheterization 21 18 (85.7) 1.833 (0.45–7.43) 0.4   
Chronic disease
 No 120 90 (75.0) 1a    
 Yes (HIV/AIDS, PTB, Diabetes) 29 27 (92.3) 1.30 (0.27–6.28) 0.75   
  1. N: Total number of patients subjected to confirmatory ESBL test, n: number of patients confirmed to carry ESBL producing pathogens, 1a: reference category, cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus, AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, PTB Pulmonary Tuberculosis