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Table 2 Ward speciality, ward movements, staffing and ward activity, by 28-day survival status

From: Modifiable healthcare factors affecting 28-day survival in bloodstream infection: a prospective cohort study

Ward variable   Survived (n = 1328) Died (n = 348) Overall (n = 1676)
n % n % n %
Ward speciality on day 0
 Medicine   738/1316 56.1% 186/345 53.9% 924/1661 55.6%
 Critical care   138/1316 10.5% 96/345 27.8% 234/1661 14.1%
 Major surgery   355/1316 27.0% 50/345 14.5% 405/1661 24.4%
 Minor surgery   22/1316 1.7% 3/345 0.9% 25/1661 1.5%
 Other   63/1316 4.8% 10/345 2.9% 73/1661 4.4%
Type of ward movements between day 0 and 7
 Movement to critical care   87/1301 6.7% 30/337 8.9% 117/1638 7.1%
 Movement from critical care   98/1301 7.5% 8/337 2.4% 106/1638 6.5%
 Movement within a ward speciality   347/1301 26.7% 48/337 14.2% 395/1638 24.1%
 Movement from medicine to surgery   82/1301 6.3% 7/337 2.1% 89/1638 5.4%
 Movement from surgery to medicine   30/1301 2.3% 5/337 1.5% 35/1638 2.1%
Staffing and ward activity on day 0
 Average number of nurses per 10 beds a Median (IQR) 1.4 (1.1, 2.1) 1.7 (1.2, 7.0) 1.4 (1.1, 2.4)
 Average number of HCA per 10 beds b Median (IQR) 0.6 (0.4, 0.8) 0.7 (0.4, 0.9) 0.6 (0.4, 0.8)
 Average number of agency staff per 10 beds c Median (IQR) 0.0 (0.0, 0.3) 0.1 (0.0, 0.3) 0.0 (0.0, 0.3)
 Average number of total staff per 10 beds d Median (IQR) 2.3 (1.9, 2.8) 2.6 (2.0, 7.4) 2.3 (1.9, 3.1)
 Ward activity per 10 beds e f Median (IQR) 3.7 (1.9, 7.3) 3.5 (1.8, 5.5) 3.7 (1.9, 6.9)
  1. Abbreviations: HCA Healthcare assistant
  2. a Data missing for 276 patients (234 survived, 42 died)
  3. b Data missing for 277 patients (235 survived, 42 died)
  4. c Data missing for 288 patients (245 survived, 43 died)
  5. d Data missing for 300 patients (255 survived, 45 died)
  6. e Data missing for 153 patients (133 survived, 20 died)
  7. f Ward activity is defined as the number of patients admitted + number of patients discharged