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Table 3 Association between subject characteristics and the prevalence of anti-HBs seropositivity among healthcare students (n = 650)

From: Hepatitis A, B and C seropositivity among first-year healthcare students in western Turkey: a seroprevalence study

Variable Total n Positive n (%) Negative n (%) Odds Ratio (CI 95%) p-value
Sex Female 432 401 (92.8) 31 (7.2) Ref.  
Male 218 208 (95.4) 10 (4.6) 1.60 (0.78–3.49) 0.202
Age group (years) ≥21 81 81 (87.1) 12 (12.9) Ref.  
≤20 557 528 (94.8) 29 (5.2) 2.69 (1.27–5.43 0.010
Perceived economic position High 146 130 (89.0) 16 (11.0) Ref.  
Average 452 428 (94.7) 24 (5.3) 2.19 (1.10–4.24) 0.024
Low 52 51 (98.1) 1 (1.9) 6.24 (1.07–135.4) 0.038
Childhood residence Province 205 188 (91.7) 17 (8.3) Ref.  
Districts 275 263 (95.6) 12 (4.4) 1.97 (0.92–4.35) 0.080
Country 170 158 (92.9) 12 (7.1) 1.19 (0.55–2.63) 0.665
Presence of an HCW in the household No 549 513 (93.4) 36 (6.6) Ref.  
Yes 101 96 (95.0) 5 (5.0) 1.34 (0.54–3.95) 0.570
Human development index High 432 398 (92.1) 34 (7.9) Ref.  
Intermediate 218 211 (96.8) 7 (3.2) 2.57 (1.16–6.36) 0.017
Self-reported HBV vaccination history No 77 69 (89.6) 8 (10.4) Ref.  
Yes 194 191 (98.5) 3 (1.5) 7.31 (1.94–34.94) 0.002
Unknown 379 349 (92.1) 30 (7.9) 1.34 (0.55–2.99) 0.472