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Table 3 Characteristics and hospitalization costs (USD) of tuberculosis inpatients+

From: What causes high costs for rural tuberculosis inpatients? Evidence from five counties in China

  Number of inpatients (n) Percentage (%) Median of total costs Median of OOP expenditures
Sex
 male 1883 59.53 821.70 290.07
 female 1280 40.47 816.21 320.71
Age    *** ***
  < 15 181 5.72 1029.85 443.43
 15–44 939 29.69 869.78 340.01
 45–59 685 21.66 811.06 308.23
 60–74 949 30.00 773.28 261.21
  ≥ 75 409 12.93 832.14 280.94
County    *** ***
 Dangyang 766 24.22 746.22 256.06
 Dingyuan 568 17.96 1087.53 372.29
 Funan 998 31.55 993.36 410.50
 Huining 725 22.92 592.73 168.10
 Weiyuan 106 3.35 649.99 237.54
Length of stay    *** ***
  < 5 470 14.86 693.35 313.38
 5–7 541 17.10 738.10 287.75
 8–10 508 16.06 733.25 257.46
  > 10 1644 51.98 891.52 319.73
Provincial attribute    *** ***
 Ext provincial 283 8.95 1396.39 723.47
 Provincial 2880 91.05 790.27 278.10
Institution level    *** ***
 County hospitals 1682 53.18 637.89 169.94
 Tertiary hospitals 1481 46.82 1278.24 632.56
Ownership of hospitals   **  
 Public 3124 98.77 822.40 301.69
 Private 39 1.23 573.29 263.65
Functional attribute    *** ***
 Specialized 573 18.12 1548.37 813.59
 General 2590 81.88 742.97 258.58
Family attribute     **
 Poor 117 3.70 748.13 254.46
 General 3046 96.30 823.01 304.01
  1. + Note: *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.001
  2. Explanations of the variables:
  3. Family attributes: the “poor” family or the “general” family assessed by the local government on the basis of the family’s economic situation)
  4. Ownership of hospitals: “Public” medical institutions are invested and managed by the government, while the “private” are generally invested by enterprises and supervised by the government
  5. Functional attribute: “Specialized” hospitals generally have certain limits on the range of diseases admitted, while the “general” hospitals do not limit the types of patients and diseases
  6. Provincial attribute: The “provincial” inpatients get medical services within the province of residence, while the “Ext provincial” get medical services out of the province of residence