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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of sociodemographic and self-reported associated factors for anti-HBc positivity among children at Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Sero-prevalence of hepatitis B virus markers and associated factors among children in Hawassa City, southern Ethiopia

  Anti-HBc of children    
Variables Total Positive    
No. (%) No. (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P-Value
Age in years
 5 & 6 226 (50.1) 32 (14.2) 1 1  
 7 & 8 225 (49.9) 56 (24.9) 2.01 (1.24, 3.25) 1.46 (0.80, 2.66) 0.221
History of day care
 No 306 (67.8) 58 (19.0) 1   
 Yes 145 (32.2) 30 (20.7) 1.12 (0.68, 1.83)   0.664
Average monthly income
  > 2000 ETB 296 (65.6) 46 (15.5) 1 1  
  ≤ 2000 ETB 155 (34.4) 42 (27.1) 2.02 (1.26, 3.24) 2.15 (1.25, 3.72) 0.006*
History of hospital admission
 No 419 (92.9) 79 (18.9) 1 1  
 Yes 32 (7.1) 9 (28.1) 1.68 (0.75, 3.78) 1.14 (0.38, 3.45) 0.593
History of injectable medications
 No 415 (92.0) 78 (18.8) 1 1  
 Yes 36 (8.0) 10 (27.8) 1.66 (0.77, 3.59) 1.33 (0.46, 3.82) 0.593
Place of birth
 Health facility 270 (59.9) 27 (10.0) 1 1  
 Home 181 (40.1) 61 (33.7) 4.58 (2.77, 7.57) 2.82 (1.58, 5.06) < 0.001*
History of vaccination
 No 215 (47.7) 63 (29.3) 3.50 (2.11, 5.81) 2.45 (1.41, 4.27) 0.002*
 Yes 236 (52.3) 25 (10.6) 1 1  
Family history of liver disease
 No 425 (94.2) 82 (19.3) 1   
 Yes 26 (5.8) 6 (23.1) 1.26 (0.49, 3.22)   0.637
Sero-status of mother for HBsAg
 Negative 419 (92.9) 76 (18.1) 1 1  
 Positive 32 (7.1) 12 (37.5) 2.71 (1.27, 5.78) 2.59 (1.13, 5.96) 0.025*