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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of sociodemographic and self reported associated factors for HBsAg positivity among children at Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia in 2018

From: Sero-prevalence of hepatitis B virus markers and associated factors among children in Hawassa City, southern Ethiopia

Variables Serostatus of HBsAg of children    
Total Positive    
No. (%) No. (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI) P-Value
Age in years
 5 & 6 226 (50.1) 13 (5.8) 1.90 (0.74, 4.86) 2.39 (0.73, 7.88) 0.151
 7 & 8 225 (49.9) 7 (3.1) 1 1  
History of day care
 No 306 (67.8) 8 (2.6) 1 1  
 Yes 145 (32.2) 12 (8.3) 3.36 (1.34, 8.41) 2.83 (0.95, 8.47) 0.062
Average monthly income
  > 2000 ETB 296 (65.6) 10 (3.4) 1 1  
  ≤ 2000 ETB 155 (34.4) 10 (6.5) 1.97 (0.80, 4.85) 2.02 (0.64, 6.37) 0.231
History of hospital admission
 No 419 (92.9) 16 (3.8) 1 1  
 Yes 32 (7.1) 4 (12.5) 3.60 (1.13, 11.49) 1.48 (0.27, 8.04) 0.652
History of injectable medications
 No 415 (92.0) 12 (2.9) 1 1  
 Yes 36 (8.0) 8 (22.2) 9.60 (3.63, 25.39) 5.02 (1.14, 22.07) 0.033*
Place of birth
 Health facility 270 (59.9) 9 (3.3) 1 1  
 Home 181 (40.1) 11 (6.1) 1.88 (0.76,4.62) 1.65 (0.49, 5.59) 0.422
History of vaccination
 No 215 (47.7) 15 (7.0) 3.47 (1.24,9.70) 6.37 (1.32,30.74) 0.021*
 Yes 236 (52.3) 5 (2.1) 1 1  
Family history of liver disease
 No 425 (94.2) 15 (3.5) 1 1  
 Yes 26 (5.8) 5 (19.2) 6.51 (2.16, 19.61) 6.37 (1.32, 30.74) 0.021*
Sero-status of mother for HBsAg
 Negative 419 (92.9) 12 (2.9) 1 1  
 Positive 32 (7.1) 8 (25.0) 11.31 (4.22, 30.27) 11.19 (3.15, 39.67) < 0.001**
  1. NB: *Candidate variable for multivariate analysis at P < 0.25 *variable significant and **variable highly significant by the multivariate analysis at P < 0.05 COR: crude odds ratio, AOR: adjusted odds ratio, CI: confidence interval, P-V: p -value, 1: reference.