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Table 6 Results of the univariable and multivariable analyses for Nepal and global Moran’s I of the residuals of the multivariable models

From: Finding gaps in TB notifications: spatial analysis of geographical patterns of TB notifications, associations with TB program efforts and social determinants of TB risk in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan

  Univariable Non-spatial multivariable a Spatial multivariable b
Covariate B CI B CI B CI
Constant     
Facility density − 0.29*** − 0.42 – − 0.16 − 0.19 − 0.39 - 0 − 0.19* − 0.37 - -0.01
Sex ratio 0.99 −0.18 – 2.18 1.56* 0.31–2.83 1.54** 0.40–2.69
Treatment success rate −5.19*** −6.95 – −3.40 − 3.66*** −5.38 - -1.91 −3.68*** −5.27 - -2.08
Stunting −1.83*** −2.83 – − 0.83 − 1.89* − 3.27 - -0.48 − 1.88** −3.15 - -0.60
Bacteriologically diagnosed − 0.63 −1.45 – 0.18 − 0.32 − 1.06 - 0.43 −0.31 − 0.99 - 0.37
Population density 0.03*** 0.01–0.05 0 −0.02 - 0.01 0 −0.02 - 0.01
Migrant distribution −0.43 − 2.52 – 1.71 −1.31 −3.59 - 1.02 − 1.36 − 3.47 - 0.8
Literacy rate 0.04 −0.97 – 1.05 1.21 −0.16 - 2.6 1.16 −0.11 - 2.44
Under-five mortality rate 0.45 −0.68 – 1.60     
Poverty headcount ratio −0.89* −1.57 – − 0.04 57.39 −41.65 - 324.53 50.99 −39.55 - 277.15
Ageing index −1.07 −2.79 – 0.67 −0.58 −3.28 - 2.19 −0.56 −3.06 - 2.01
Miners −20.88* −35.76 – − 2.54     
Vaccination coverage −1.29 −3.48 – 0.95 − 1.2 − 3.45 - 1.1 −1.23 −3.29 - 0.88
Global Moran’s I of the residuals    0.17   −0.02  
P-value of global Moran’s I    0.01   0.44  
  1. aGeneralized linear multivariable model for the natural logarithm of the TB case notification rate; not adjusted for spatial autocorrelation
  2. bSimultaneous autoregressive multivariable model for the natural logarithm of the TB case notification rate; adjusted for spatial autocorrelation
  3. All coefficients (B) are exponentiated and reflect percentage change in TB case notification rate
  4. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001